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Home » Minerals » Chlorite

Chlorite


Mineral Properties and Uses



What is Chlorite?



"Chlorite" is a name used for a group of sheet silicate minerals with similar properties. They are primarily found in weakly metamorphosed rock and form from the alteration of clay-rich sedimentary rocks and from alteration of pyroxenes, amphiboles and micas. They are also found in some sediments.


Physical Properties of Chlorite

Chemical Classification
Color various shades of green, yellow, white, pink, rose-red
Streak greenish to greenish black to white
Luster vitreous to pearly
Diaphaneity transparent to translucent
Cleavage basal, perfect
Mohs Hardness 2 to 2.5
Specific Gravity 2.6 to 3.3
Diagnostic Properties color, hardness
Chemical Composition a generalized formula:
(Mg,Fe)3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2.(Mg,Fe)3(OH)6

(Many solid solution possiblities exist with the "chlorite" composition, each producing a specimen with slightly varying properties. Chlorite minerals include clinochlore (most abundant), baileychlore, chamosite, cookeite, donbassite, gonyerite, nimite, odinite, orthochamosite, pennantite, ripidolite, sudoite.
Crystal System monoclinic
Uses Very few industrial uses. Used as a filler and as a constituent of clay.



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Chlorite
Chlorite from Quebec, Canada. This specimen is approximately 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) across.




Chlorite layering
A side view of the layering of chlorite from Quebec, Canada. Specimen is approximately 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) across.


Mineral Information
 Anhydrite
 Apatite
 Arsenopyrite
 Augite
 Azurite

 Barite
 Bauxite
 Beryl
 Biotite
 Bornite

 Calcite
 Cassiterite
 Chalcocite
 Chalcopyrite
 Chlorite
 Chromite
 Chrysoberyl
 Cinnabar
 Clinozoisite
 Copper
 Cordierite
 Corundum
 Cuprite
 Diamond
 Diopside
 Dolomite

 Enstatite
 Epidote

 Fluorite

 Galena
 Garnet
 Glauconite
 Gold
 Graphite
 Gypsum

 Halite
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 Hornblende

 Ilmenite

 Jadeite

 Kyanite
 Limonite

 Magnesite
 Magnetite
 Malachite
 Marcasite
 Molybdenite
 Monazite
 Muscovite

 Nepheline
 Nephrite

 Olivine
 Orthoclase

 Plagioclase
 Prehnite
 Pyrite
 Pyrophyllite
 Pyrrhotite

 Quartz

 Rhodochrosite
 Rhodonite
 Rutile
 Scapolite
 Serpentine
 Siderite
 Sillimanite
 Silver
 Sodalite
 Sphalerite
 Spinel
 Spodumene
 Staurolite
 Sulfur
 Sylvite

 Talc
 Titanite
 Topaz
 Tourmaline
 Turquoise

 Uraninite

 Witherite
 Wollastonite

 Zircon
 Zoisite


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