April 17, 2014 | Geology.com
In most countries all mineral resources belong to the government. This includes all valuable rocks, minerals, oil or gas found on or within the Earth. In the United States ownership of mineral resources was originally granted to the individuals or organizations that owned the surface. These property owners had both "surface rights" and "mineral rights". Since then the owners have enjoyed the freedom to sell, lease, gift or bequest these rights individually or entirely to others. Now a single plot of land on the surface can have several different subsurface owners!
Frac Sand Production Keeps Rising
March 23, 2014 | Geology.com
An estimated 32 million tons of frac sand was produced by United States quarries during 2013. That is over a 300% increase in production over the 2009 tonnage. Frac sand is used as a proppant in the hydraulic fracturing process used to increase the production of oil and gas wells drilled in shale and other tight formations.
Rock and Mineral Identification
April 17, 2014 | Geology.com Store
The ability to identify rocks and minerals in the field is a very important skill. The Geology.com store has a selection of rock, mineral, fossil and gem mineral kits that can be used for learning and practice. Testing tools are also available.