Rivers Play Role in Arctic Sea Ice Melt
March 13, 2014 | NASA
"The heat from warm river waters draining into the Arctic Ocean is contributing to the melting of Arctic sea ice each summer. [...] NASA used satellite data to measure the surface temperature of the waters discharging from a Canadian river into the icy Beaufort Sea during the summer of 2012. They observed a sudden influx of warm river waters into the sea that rapidly warmed the surface layers of the ocean, enhancing the melting of sea ice."
Seafloor Volcanoes Modified Antarctic Climate?
September 2, 2013 | LA Times
A line of ancient volcanoes that grew on the floor of the Southern Ocean tens of millions of years ago may have blocked ocean currents and modified Antarctic climate.
Melting Glaciers and Sea Level Rise
May 19, 2013 | University of Colorado Boulder
"While 99 percent of Earth’s land ice is locked up in the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, the remaining ice in the world’s glaciers contributed just as much to sea rise as the two ice sheets combined from 2003 to 2009." Quoted from the University of Colorado Boulder press release.