Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines as a Category 5 typhoon, with winds gusting up to 170 miles per hour, swamping coastal areas in storm surge and destroying thousands of buildings that were in its path.
We have posted views of Earth from NASA’s Suomi satellite that show night illumination and natural gas flaring for oil industry sites in the Bakken Formation, Eagle Ford Shale, Alaska North Slope, United States Gulf, Mexican Gulf, Venezuela Orinoco Field, Brazil offshore basins, North Sea, North Africa onshore, west Africa offshore, and Persian Gulf.
“The continued accumulation of sand within the iconic ring-shaped reefs inside Maldivian atolls could provide a foundation for future island development new research suggests. Islands like the Maldives are considered likely to be the first to feel the effects of climate change induced sea level rise, with future island growth essential to counter the threat of rising sea levels.” Quoted from the press release by the University of Exeter.
“Three new USGS products in an ongoing series by the California Seafloor Mapping Program were released August 9th, 2013 — a map set for the area offshore of Carpinteria in southern California, a catalog of GIS data layers for all of CSMP’s published maps, and a collection of videos and photos of the seafloor along the entire California coast.” Quoted from the USGS announcement.
“Two beachfront communities in New Jersey were hit hard by Hurricane Sandy, but one fared much better than the other thanks to a long-forgotten seawall buried beneath the sand.” Quoted from the NSF press release.
“How do we know what the ancient earth was like before people were around to witness and record conditions? One of the main ways geoscientists unravel past climates and ecosystems is by conducting detailed studies of deposits that contain the preserved remains of ancient plants and animals.” Quoted from the article by Alexandra Guth, Michigan Technological University.
“The probability of hurricane-induced coastal change on sandy beaches from Florida to New York has been assessed for the first time in U.S. Geological Survey studies released today. [...] The two reports — one assessing the coastline from Florida to North Carolina, the other from Virginia to New York — can function as part of a “virtual toolkit” for U.S. Atlantic coast community planners and emergency managers as they make decisions on how to best address coastline vulnerabilities.” Quoted from the USGS publication release.
“Scientists are expecting a very large “dead zone” in the Gulf of Mexico and a smaller than average hypoxic level in the Chesapeake Bay this year, based on several NOAA-supported forecast models.” Quoted from the USGS Newsroom.
The Geological Society of America has published a draft position statement titled: “Managing U.S. Coastal Hazards“.
A quote: “Storms, tsunamis, and rising sea levels threaten U.S. coastal communities and their economies. Much of the nation’s existing coastal infrastructure must be adapted to expected future conditions or relocated, and new coastal development and post-storm reconstruction should be planned, sited, and maintained with coastal geologic hazards clearly in mind.”