This Ski-Powder.com video clearly shows the speed and power of an avalanche. It appears to have been filmed by a climber who calmly filmed the event and panned up and down the chute to show final streams of snow and water. An instant rainbow formed when the snow hit the river.
After maintaining a low simmer for ten months, Italy’s Etna volcano boiled over on February 19–20, 2013, with three outbursts in 36 hours. According to the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, each outburst (paroxysm) featured “emission of lava flows, pyroclastic flows, lahars, and an ash cloud.” Quoted from NASA Earth Observatory.
In the United States, landowners can be paid royalties when natural gas is produced. These people and their beneficiaries will support natural gas production. However, in the UK where the crown owns the mineral rights, support for natural gas production is not as strong.
Although earthquakes can not be predicted six seismologists were convicted of manslaughter in Italy related to the L’Aquila earthquake that killed more than 300 people in 2009. Meteorologists may now be at risk when weather forecasts are inaccurate.
“Researchers use dramatic changes in sediment storage rates in the Danube River delta to determine that human impact upon the Black Sea began long before the Industrial Era.” Quoted from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution press release.
“Russia was the second-largest producer of crude oil in 2011, second only to Saudi Arabia. During the year, production averaged more than 10 million bbl/d.” Quoted from the Energy Information Administration.
Earth-observing satellites – specifically those equipped with radars – can help scientists to map and monitor ground movement. [...] From their orbits some 800 km above the ground, satellite radars can detect these ground deformations down to within centimetres.
Although many structures in the city of Pompeii survived a volcanic eruption and World War II they have now fallen into ruins from a lack of maintenance. An article in the Vancouver Sun explains how history is being lost.
ExxonMobil CEO, Rex Tillerson and Rosneft CEO Igor Sechin discuss a partnership that could invest as much as $500 billion in developing oil and natural gas resources in the Russian Arctic, the Russian portion of the Arctic Ocean and the Black Sea. One of their first projects in the Arctic is expected to be on the Kara Shelf in an extension of the West Siberian Basin.
“Norway, the largest holder of natural gas and oil reserves in Europe, provides much of the oil and gas consumed on the continent. In fact, Norway was the second largest exporter of natural gas in the world after Russia, and the seventh largest exporter of oil.” Quoted from the Energy Information Administration.
Insects preserved in rock are normally pressed to a flat smear while insects in amber often have more three-dimensional detail. Researchers in Italy discovered two species of gall mites in 230-million-year-old amber.
Hydraulic fracturing could be the technology that will have the greatest economic impact on world energy supplies over the next decade or even over the next century. It is currently being used extensively in the United States but other countries are anxious to start using it to develop their unconventional oil and natural gas resources.
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Homeowners Insurance usually does not cover damage caused by floods, landslides, earthquakes and other geohazards.
Frac Sand is a high-purity silica sand used in hydraulic fracturing to enhance the flow of oil and gas from tight rock units.
Diamonds from Coal? Diamonds form under a variety of conditions that rarely involve coal as a source of carbon.
Fluorescent Minerals glow with spectacular colors when illuminated in the dark with an ultraviolet lamp.
Helium is a byproduct of the natural gas industry. Its most important use is in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines.