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Qatar LNG Profits in Jeopardy?
April 8, 2014 | Bloomberg

Although Qatar is currently the largest exporter of liquified natural gas in the world, its natural gas profits could be slashed as Australia, the United States, east African nations, Indonesia and several other countries enter or step into the LNG export business.

If Qatar’s profits are threatened, what is going to happen to United States companies who plan to export natural gas and have a transportation disadvantage?

Related: What is LNG?

Indonesia Oil and Gas Report
April 6, 2014 | Energy Information Administration

“Formerly a net oil exporter and OPEC member, Indonesia struggles to attract sufficient investment to meet growing domestic energy consumption because of inadequate infrastructure and a complex regulatory environment. At the same time, it was the world’s largest exporter of coal by weight in 2012 and the fourth largest exporter of liquefied natural gas in 2013. The government seeks to meet energy demand at home by reorienting domestic energy production away from serving primarily export markets and increasing renewable energy production, particularly geothermal power.” Quoted from the Energy Information Administration publication release.

Pyroclastic Flows and Tornadoes at Sinabung?
March 6, 2014 | Photovolcanica

“The pyroclastic flow deposits red-hot material on the slope of the volcano. After a few minutes, air heated by the deposit establishes a convective regime and due to the speed of the rising air a series of small tornadoes are formed.” Quoted from the Photovolcanica video release.

Volcanic Lightning
February 25, 2014 | MagmaCumLaude

Jessica Ball has a post titled: “Volcanic lightning in the lab and in the ‘wild’“. The “in the lab” part of the post explains how the lightning might be formed.

Related: Brentwood Higman describes volcanic lightning at Redoubt

Blue Flames at an Indonesian Volcano
February 16, 2014 | National Geographic

National Geographic has an article with photos that illustrate blue volcanic fire caused by the eruption of molten sulfur.

Sinabung: Pyroclastic Flow Animation
January 28, 2014 | YouTube.com

“Animations of Pyroclastic flows resulting from collapses of the viscous andesitic lava lobe erupting from a summit crater of Sinabung Volcano in Sumatra, Indonesia.” From the Photovolcanica YouTube Channel.

Continuing Eruptions at Sinabung
January 5, 2014 | Christian Science Monitor

The current eruption at Mount Sinabung in Indonesia has killed 11 people and forced the evacuation of over 20,000.

Remember Lusi the Mud Volcano in Indonesia? Still Erupting
December 19, 2013 | BBC

It began erupting in 2006 and spread stinking mud across a community in Indonesia. Then it was producing 100,000 metric tons of mud per day, now its down to 10,000 per day.


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Ashfall Mechanics at Sinabung
November 19, 2013 | Wired Science

Erik Klemetti has an interesting photo from the eruption of Mount Sinabung, Indonesia and a sketch that explains how the ashfall is produced.

The Enormous Volcanic Eruption that Historians Never Recorded
November 19, 2013 | Yahoo! News

A volcanic eruption around the year 1258 produced distinctive ash falls in both Antarctica and Greenland. It was a blast unprecedented in human history but historians did not record the eruption. Where did it happen?

The Case of the Missing Volcano?
September 30, 2013 | National Geographic

An eruption eight times as large as Krakatau occurred in 1257 A.D. but researchers have not been able to identify the source. Now some think it might be Samalas Volcano on Lombok Island in Indonesia.

Evacuations As Mount Sinabung Erupts
September 17, 2013 | CNN

Mount Sinabung on the Indonesian island of Sumatra produced an ash eruption on Sunday causing the evacuation of over 6000 people.

LNG from PNG
September 8, 2013 | UPI.com

Exxon’s $17 billion liquified natural gas project in Papua New Guinea is more than 90% complete.

Deadly Pyroclastic Flow at Paluweh
September 5, 2013 | NASA Earth Observatory

Paluweh Volcano in Indonesia has been erupting since late 2012 with most of the debris and ash flowing to the south side of the volcano. In August a pyroclastic flow went down the north side of the volcano, killing five people. NASA’s Earth Observatory has before and after satellite images of the island.

Deadly Eruption at Mount Rokatenda
August 11, 2013 | ABC News (Australia)

An eruption at Mount Rokatenda, on the island of Palue in Indonesia has killed five people. About 7000 people live on the island.

The Tsunami Magnifying Lens
March 10, 2013 | University of Southern California

“Multinational research team finds that sea floor earthquake zones can act like a “magnifying lens,” focusing and strengthening tsunamis beyond what was through possible.” Quoted from the University of Southern California press release.

Measuring the Size of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions
March 4, 2013 | Geology.com

You have probably heard of the Richter Scale for measuring earthquakes, the Saffir-Simpson Scale for hurricanes and the Fujita Scale for tornadoes. The Volcanic Explosivity Index is used to compare the size of explosive volcanic eruptions.

South China Sea Oil and Gas Report
February 11, 2013 | Energy Information Administration

Many of the world’s most important energy trade routes pass through the South China Sea. The sea is underlain by significant oil and natural gas deposits, some of which are undeveloped.

Many of the islands in the South China Sea have competing claims of ownership, primarily because ownership of the island brings with it a claim to resources beneath the surrounding seafloor.

LNG Exports: Big Oil vs Manufacturers vs Foreign LNG
January 20, 2013 | FuelFix

Many energy companies would like to export natural gas as LNG from the United States to countries where market prices are much higher. However, United States manufacturers object because they fear that LNG exports will raise domestic prices.

Not mentioned in the FuelFix article are: 1) many new conventional gas discoveries in Africa, Australia, South America and Indonesia that could compete with LNG exports from the United States; 2) the enormous untapped shale gas potential in other parts of the world; and, 3) natural gas throughout the world that is currently being flared. Will LNG export terminals for United States gas make economic sense five years from now?

Indonesia Energy Economics Report
January 14, 2013 | Energy Information Administration

“Indonesia is the most populous country in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populous country in the world. The country struggles to attract sufficient investment to meet growing domestic energy consumption because of inadequate infrastructure and a complex regulatory environment. At the same time, it was the world’s largest exporter of coal by weight and the eighth largest exporter of natural gas in 2011.” Quoted from the Energy Information Administration report.

Night Eruption at Batu Tara, Indonesia
January 1, 2013 | Photovolcanica on Youtube.com

Night video of explosive eruptions at Batu Tara Volcano, located about 50 kilometers off the cost of Lembata Island, Indonesia. Visit Photovolcanica,com for more information and photos of Batu Tara.

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