How Wetlands Respond to Sea Level Rise|
December 6, 2013 | National Science Foundation
“Thanks to an intricate system of feedbacks, wetlands are remarkably good at building up soils to outpace sea level rise.” Quoted from the National Science Foundation press release.
Related: Interactive Sea Level Rise Maps
Ocean Currents and Life Under the Shell of Europa|
December 5, 2013 | The University of Texas at Austin
“Researchers have shown that the subsurface ocean on Jupiter’s moon Europa may have deep currents and circulation patterns with heat and energy transfers capable of sustaining biological life.” Quoted from The University of Texas at Austin press release.
Related: Life on Europa?
The Arctic Ocean as a Carbon Sink and Carbon Dioxide Source|
December 4, 2013 | Massachusetts Institute of Technology
“While the Arctic Ocean is largely a carbon sink, researchers find parts are also a source of atmospheric carbon dioxide.” Quoted from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology article.
Underwater Kites Generate Energy from Ocean Currents|
November 18, 2013 | Smithsonian
“The kites’ ability to move in figure-eight motions–which causes it to zip through the water several time faster than the current itself–will amplify the water’s energy output.” Quoted from the Smithsonian article. The video below shows the potential of ocean currents.
Haiyan Windspeed Map|
November 12, 2013 | NASA Earth Observatory
NASA’s Earth Observatory has a map showing a snapshot of wind direction and speed as Typhoon Haiyan approached the Philippines.
Typhoon Haiyan Kills at Least 10000|
November 9, 2013 | Reuters
Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines as a Category 5 typhoon, with winds gusting up to 170 miles per hour, swamping coastal areas in storm surge and destroying thousands of buildings that were in its path.
What is a Storm Surge?|
November 3, 2013 | Geology.com
A storm surge is a mound of water produced when a hurricane moves across a large body of water. Driving wind “pushes” the water so quickly that it “piles up” on the water in front of it, producing a mound of water that can be much higher than normal sea level.
Why Does it Rain More in the Northern Hemisphere?|
October 30, 2013 | University of Washington
“It rains more in the Northern Hemisphere because it’s warmer,” said corresponding author Dargan Frierson, a UW associate professor of atmospheric sciences. “The question is: What makes the Northern Hemisphere warmer? And we’ve found that it’s the ocean circulation.” Quoted from the University of Washington press release.
Natural Gas Flaring from Space|
October 30, 2013 | Geology.com
We have posted views of Earth from NASA’s Suomi satellite that show night illumination and natural gas flaring for oil industry sites in the Bakken Formation, Eagle Ford Shale, Alaska North Slope, United States Gulf, Mexican Gulf, Venezuela Orinoco Field, Brazil offshore basins, North Sea, North Africa onshore, west Africa offshore, and Persian Gulf.
Evolutionary Body Elongation in Fish|
October 21, 2013 | University of Zurich
“Extreme elongation of the body axis occurred in one of two ways: either through the elongation of the individual vertebrae of the vertebral column, which thus became longer, or through the development of additional vertebrae and associated muscle segments.” Quoted from the University of Zurich press release.
Melting the Antarctic Ice Shelf from Below|
October 19, 2013 | NASA.gov
Deep Sea Internet Has Geological Applications|
October 17, 2013 | University at Buffalo
“University at Buffalo researchers are developing a deep-sea Internet. The technological breakthrough could lead to improvements in tsunami detection, offshore oil and natural gas exploration, surveillance, pollution monitoring and other activities.” Quoted from the University at Buffalo press release.
October 17, 2013 | StarTribune.com
“A marine science instructor snorkeling off the Southern California coast spotted something out of a fantasy novel: the silvery carcass of an 18-foot-long, serpent-like oarfish.” Quoted from the StarTribune.com
Enormous Ice Sheets Scoured the Arctic Ocean Floor|
October 11, 2013 | Alfred Wegener Institute
“We knew of such scour marks from places like the Antarctic and Greenland. They arise when large ice sheets become grounded on the ocean floor and then scrape over the ground like a plane with dozens of blades as they flow. The remarkable feature of our new map is that it indicates very accurately right off that there were four or more generations of ice masses, which in the past 800,000 years moved from the East Siberian Sea in a north-easterly direction far into the deep Artic Ocean.” Quoted from the Alfred Wegener Institute press release.
Sea Level Rise and Maldivian Atols|
October 11, 2013 | Exeter
“The continued accumulation of sand within the iconic ring-shaped reefs inside Maldivian atolls could provide a foundation for future island development new research suggests. Islands like the Maldives are considered likely to be the first to feel the effects of climate change induced sea level rise, with future island growth essential to counter the threat of rising sea levels.” Quoted from the press release by the University of Exeter.
Microscopic Life in Oceanic Crust|
October 10, 2013 | Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
“Although long thought to be devoid of life, the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes. Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating through deep oceanic crust, a significant first step in understanding the way life in the “deep biosphere” beneath the sea floor is able to survive and thrive.” Quoted from Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences press release.
The Most Popular Course at Cornell|
October 10, 2013 | The Cornell Daily Sun
Geoscientists should be happy to hear that “Introduction to Oceanography” has displaced “Introduction to Psychology” as the course at Cornell University with the highest enrollment.
Turning an Invasive Species into a Source of Income|
October 6, 2013 | National Geographic
The lionfish is an extremely aggressive predator that has been changing marine life populations since it was accidentally introduced to the western Atlantic and Caribbean in the 1980s. Now, the fish is being targeted by the fishing industry, turning the predator into a source of income.
Warm Ocean Water Melting and Antarctic Glacier|
September 24, 2013 | Penn State
“Warm ocean water, not warm air, is melting the Pine Island Glacier’s floating ice shelf in Antarctica and may be the culprit for increased melting of other ice shelves.”
Migration of Marine Life in Response to Climate Change?|
September 23, 2013 | Princeton University
Climate change and warmer oceans are pushing marine species into new territory. Researchers are working on methods to predict their direction and rate of migration.