“Russia is the second-largest producer of dry natural gas and third-largest liquid fuels producer in the world. Despite its significant reserves of coal, it produces only modest amount of coal. Russia’s economy is highly dependent on its hydrocarbons, and oil and gas revenues account for more than 50% of the federal budget revenues.” Quoted from the Energy Information Administration.
Bloomberg has an article that summarizes some of the efforts to produce oil and natural gas from shale outside of the United States. Some of these countries lack the equipment and expertise to develop the wells and are forming agreements with experienced companies.
NASA has a short article that describes the Chelyabinsk Meteoroid Event. Two interesting paragraphs from their article….
Jenniskens and Popova calculated the impact speed of the meteor at 42,500 mph. As the meteor penetrated through the atmosphere, it efficiently fragmented into pieces, peaking at 19 miles above the surface. At that point the light of the meteor appeared brighter than the sun, even for people 62 miles away.
Due to the extreme heat, many of the pieces of the debris vaporized before falling out of the orange glowing debris cloud. Scientists believe that between 9,000 to 13,000 pounds of meteorites fell to the ground. This included one fragment approximately 1,400 pound recovered from Lake Chebarkul on October 16, 2013, by professional divers guided by Ural Federal University researchers.
If all goes according to plans, India will launch a spacecraft to Mars on Tuesday, November 5th. So far there have been 40 attempts to reach Mars by the United States, the Soviet Union, the European Space Agency, Japan and China. Only 23 missions have been successful.
Alrosa, the state-controlled diamond mining company of Russia, reports that they have found a 235 carat gem-quality diamond at their Yakutia mine in Siberia. The stone is valued at $1.5 to $2 million US.
“Scientists broke new ground in the study of deep earthquakes, a poorly understood phenomenon that occurs where the oceanic lithosphere, driven by tectonics, plunges under continental plates – examples are off the coasts of the western United States, Russia and Japan.” Quoted from the Argonne National Laboratory press release.
“The world’s potash industry imploded today as Russia’s Uralkali withdrew from the Belarus Potash Corporation one of two global potash cartels that control about 70% of the world’s potash production. ” Quoted from the Arizona Geology Blog.
Some of the gold medals awarded at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics will contain pieces of the meteorite that fell over Russia on February 15, 2013. Only gold medals awarded on the one-year anniversary of the fall will contain a piece of the meteorite.
There are currently five erupting volcanoes on the Kamchatkan Peninsula: Shiveluch, Bezymianny, Tolbachik, Kizimen, and Karymsky. NASA’s MODIS spectroradiometer detected heat signatures from over 400 miles above the Earth.
Russia is currently the world’s second largest producer of gem-quality diamonds, after Botswana. Alrosa, Russia’s largest diamond producer, has plans to surpass the production of DeBeers, the world’s leading diamond-producing company, by 2018. Their success may help Russia become the world’s leading diamond producing nation.
“A seven-hour flight from Moscow to the small town of Mirny, followed by another two-hour helicopter ride brought me to one of the most remote regions on earth, where many of the world’s diamonds are mined, Alrosa’s Nyurba mine in the Republic of Yakutia.” Quoted from the Botswana Diamond Manufacturers Association press release.
NASA’s Earth Observatory has interesting satellite images of lava flows on Tolbachik, a volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula. The images use visible light and shortwave infrared and near-infrared to enhance the visibility of volcanic features.
Over hundreds of thousands of years the Arctic permafrost has accumulated an enormous store of organic carbon. As it thaws from climate change the plant debris will decay and carbon dioxide and methane will be release into the atmosphere. Permafrost contains at least 4x more carbon than fossil fuel burning has produced since 1850.
“Ash covers the western slopes of Karymsky Volcano in this natural-color satellite image. The image was collected on May 20, 2013. [...] Late-season snow remained on the surrounding Kamchatkan landscape.” Quoted from the NASA image release.
Another Ski-Powder.com avalanche video. This one of a large avalanche triggered by an explosive charge. In the beginning of the video look for the tiny white helicopter on the very right side of the screen. The crew is planting the charge. Then when you see the shot go off start counting until you hear the sound. Now you know how far away the camera was from the source of the slide.
A collection of some of the most interesting photos of volcanic eruptions that we have seen from USGS, NASA and NOAA.
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