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Roadside Geology of Minnesota

Roadside Geology of Minnesota

by Richard W. Ojakangas

Only $25.99
Learn about the Geology of Minnesota with maps, photos and expert descriptions! This 6"x9" paperback has 355 pages that are packed with detailed information about Minnesota Geology. See table of contents below.

Roadside Geology of Minnesota
Table of Contents

Introduction
1
    Understanding the Earth
5
        Plate Tectonics
5
    Archean Time
8
    Early Proterozoic Time
10
        Iron-Formations
13
    Middle to Late Proterozoic Time
15
        Midcontinent Rift System
15
    Paleozoic Time
18
    Mesozoic Time
20
    Tertiary Time (Paleogene-Neogene)
21
    Pleistocene Time
22
        Glacial Deposits
25
        Glacial Lakes and Glacial Rivers
29
    Holocene Time
30
        Land of 10,000 Lakes
31
        Peatlands
31
        Vegetation Changes
34
        Continental Divides, Rivers, and Drainage Basins
36
Northeastern Minnesota
39
    Glacial Geology
39
    Bedrock Geology
40
        Vermilion District
40
        Animikie Basin and Iron-Formation
41
        Duluth Complex and North Shore Volcanic Group
44
    ROAD GUIDES
47
        Duluth
47
        Interstate 35: Duluth - Twin Cities
56
        US 2: Duluth - Grand Rapids
66
        US 53: Duluth - International Falls
71
        US 169: Twin Cities - Grand Rapids
93
        US 169/Minnesota 169: Grand Rapids - Ely
96
        Minnesota 1: Illgen City - Ely
114
        Minnesota 11: International Falls - Voyageurs National Park
116
        Minnesota 23: Duluth - St. Cloud
121
        Minnesota 38: Grand Rapids - Effie
124
        Minnesota 61: Duluth - Canadian Border
128
        Minnesota 210: Fond du Lac - Brainerd
157
        Vermilion Trail (County Road 4 and Minnesota 135): Duluth - Biwabik - Tower
167
        Gunflint Trail (County Road 12): Grand Marais - Trails End Campground
170
        Echo Trail (County Roads 88 and 116): Ely - Echo Lake
180
        National Forest Highway 11 (County Roads 15, 16, and 110): Silver Bay - Hoyt Lakes
186
Northwestern and Central Minnesota
191
    Glacial Geology
191
    Bedrock Geology
194
    ROAD GUIDES
196
        Interstate 94: Twin Cities - Moorhead
196
        US 2: Grand Rapids - East Grand Forks
200
        US 10: Twin Cities - Moorhead
204
        US 12: Twin Cities - Ortonville
207
        US 59: Canadian Border - Erskine
208
        US 71: International Falls - Morton
209
        US 75: Canadian Border - Ortonville
214
        Minnesota 9: Breckenridge - New London
215
        Minnesota 11: International Falls - Karlstad
216
        Minnesota 23: St. Cloud - Granite Falls
226
        Minnesota 28: Sauk Centre - Browns Valley
228
        Minnesota 72: Blackduck - Baudette
232
        Minnesota 210: Brainerd - Breckenridge
233
        Minnesota 371: Brainerd - Little Falls
237
Southwestern Minnesota
239
    Glacial Geology
239
    Bedrock Geology
242
    ROAD GUIDES
245
        Interstate 90: South Dakota Border - Fairmont
245
        US 14: New Ulm - South Dakota Border
247
        US 71: Morton - Jackson
248
        US 75: Ortonville - Interstate 90
251
        Minnesota 23: Granite Falls - Interstate 90
257
Southeastern Minnesota
265
    Glacial Geology
265
    Bedrock Geology
267
        St. Peter Sandstone
272
        Deicke K-Bentonite
272
        Sinkholes and Caves
274
    ROAD GUIDES
277
        Twin Cities
277
        Interstate 35: Twin Cities - Iowa Border
284
        Interstate 90: Fairmont - La Crosse, Wisconsin
287
        US 14: Winona - New Ulm
290
        US 52: Twin Cities - Iowa Border
292
        US 61: St. Paul - La Crescent
299
        US 169: Twin Cities - Blue Earth
310
        Minnesota 16: La Crescent - Dexter
313
        Minnesota 95: Taylors Falls - Stillwater
315
Glossary
323
Additional Readings
333
References Cited
335
Index
339