Mongolia Political Map
Mongolia Country Information:
Mongolia is located in northern Asia. Mongolia is bordered by China to the south, east, and west, and Russia to the north.
Mongolia Bordering Countries:
Altay, Arbayheer, Bayan, Bayanhongor, Bayshint, Bugat, Bulgan, Buyant-Uhaa, Choybaisan, Darhan, Dund-Us, Erdenet, Hatgal, Hongor, Jargalant, Moron, Olgiy, Onon, Ovoot, Suhbaatar, Tseel, Tsetserleg, Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator), Ulaangom, Urdgol and Zakamensk.
Altay Mountains, Boonstagaan Nuur Lake, Buyr Nuur Lake, Dzavhan River, Gobi Desert, Gurvan Sayhan Uul Mountain Range, Hangayn Nuruu Mountains, Har Nuur Lake, Har Us Nuur Lake, Herlen (Kerulen River), Hovsgol Nuur Lake, Hyargas Nuur Lake, Orhon River, Orog Nuur Lake, Sangiyn Dalay Nuur Lake, Selenge River, Telmen Nuur Lake and Uvs Nuur Lake.
Mongolia Natural Resources:
Mongolia has fossil fuel deposits which include oil and coal. There is a large number of metal resources some of which are copper, molybdenum, tungsten, gold, silver, iron, tin, nickel and zinc. Other resources for this country include phosphates and fluorspar.
Mongolia Natural Hazards:
Mongolia has natural hazards such as grassland and forest fires. Others occurrences include drought, dust storms, and “zud”, which is the country’s harsh winter conditions.
Mongolia Environmental Issues:
There are a number of environmental issues in the country of Mongolia. The policies of the former Communist regime promoted rapid urbanization and industrial growth which had negative effects on the environment. Due to the lack of enforced environmental laws, the air in Ulaanbaatar is severely polluted from the burning of soft coal in power plants. The land issues include deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, and desertification. The action of converting virgin land for agricultural production has increased the erosion from wind and rain. Mining activities have also had a deleterious effect on the environment. In some areas of Mongolia there are limited natural fresh water resources.