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The Large Footprint of Small-Scale Mining in Ghana
NASA Earth Observatory

In Ghana, over the past ten years, unregulated artisanal gold mines accounted for more deforestation than industrial mines. NASA Earth Observatory image by Lauren Dauphin, using data from Barenblitt, Abigail, et al. (2021), Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey, and topographic data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Story by Kasha Patel.

Finding Gold Mining Hotspots in Peru
NASA Earth Observatory

Researchers have created a tool that uses satellite images to identify new gold mining activity in Peru. NASA Earth Observatory images by Lauren Dauphin, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey and topographic data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Radar Mining Monitoring Tool data courtesy of the SERVIR-Amazonia Program. Story by Kasha Patel.

Heatwave Scorches the Middle East
NASA Earth Observatory

A phenomenon known as a *heat dome* set the stage for remarkably high temperatures in the Middle East as meteorological summer got under way.

Maori May Have Reached Antarctica 1,000 Years Before Europeans
Brazil: Country Energy Review
Energy Information Administration

Meet The Bronx-Born Billionaire Exporting America*s Shale Gas Bonanza
Production of Crude Oil and Natural Gas in New Mexico Reaches a New Record
Energy Information Administration

NASA*s Juno to Get a Close Look at Jupiter*s Moon Ganymede

The mosaic and geologic maps of Jupiter*s moon Ganymede were assembled incorporating the best available imagery from NASA*s Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft and NASA*s Galileo spacecraft. Credit: USGS Astrogeology Science Center/Wheaton/NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Dinosaurs Evolved Flight at Least Three Times
NASA Approves Asteroid Hunting Space Telescope to Continue Development

NEO Surveyor is a new mission proposal designed to discover and characterize most of the potentially hazardous asteroids that are near the Earth. Image by NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Drought Is Here to Stay in the Western U.S.
NBC News
The Ice Shelf Protecting the Pine Island Glacier Is Breaking Up at a Faster Rate
Associated Press
Photos: The *Ring of Fire* Solar Eclipse Blazes Over Russia
The Moscow Times
This Melting Glacier Was Already the Biggest Source of Sea Level Rise. Then Things Got Worse.
The Washington Post
Chasing Cyclones from Space
EOS Earth & Space Science News

Astronauts on the International Space Station were looking into the eye of Cyclone Maysak when they captured this photograph in March of 2015.

U.S. Geoscience Enrollments and Degrees Collapse in 2019-2020
American Geosciences Institute

Interior Proposes Withdrawal of Trump Rule that Would Allow Drillers to Pay Less
The Hill
Climate Clues from One of the Rainiest Places on Earth
EOS Earth & Space Science News
Machine Learning Model Doubles Accuracy of Global Landslide *Nowcasts*

Image shows a map of potential landslide risk output by NASA*s Landslide Hazard Assessment Model in June 2021. Red indicates highest risk and dark blue indicates lowest risk. Image by NASA.

Photos Show Chinese Rover on Dusty, Rocky Martian Surface
Associated Press

Photo by the China National Space Agency.

Ethane Exports Surge with Additional Export Capacity and Expanded Tanker Fleet
Energy Information Administration

Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Reaches New High Despite Pandemic Emissions Reduction
Intensifying California Drought Promises *Very Concerning* Fire Season
The Washington Post
Biden Pushes Protection for More Streams and Wetlands, Targeting a Major Trump Rollback
The Washington Post
How to Interpret a Satellite Image: Five Tips and Strategies
NASA Earth Observatory

Sediment colors the sea off the coast of the Zambezi River delta on the coastline of Mozambique. The water grows darker offshore as the sediment disperses. NASA Earth Observatory image by Robert Simmon, using Landsat 8 data from the USGS Earth Explorer.

Geologic Resources of Tonto National Monument
Arizona Geology e-Magazine

Why Congo*s Nyiragongo Volcano Has Scientists on Edge
Atlas Obscura
Market for U.S. Oil Acreage Booms Along with Crude Price Recovery
Biden Administration Asks Louisiana Judge to Toss a Lawsuit Filed to Challenge His Executive Order to Pause Oil and Gas Leasing on Federal Lands and Waters
Electric Power Sector CO2 Emissions Drop as Generation Mix Shifts from Coal to Natural Gas
Energy Information Administration

This Gigantic Rock Jammed Between Two Buildings Is A Huge Part Of NYC History
Gas Sampling at Mount Shasta Builds a Long-Term Record of Volcanic Emissions
United States Geological Survey

USGS scientist Sara Peek collects fumarole gas at Sulphur Springs near the summit of Mount Shasta as a part of CalVO*s long-term monitoring at very high threat volcanoes. Photo by Lauren Harrison, USGS.

*Mega-Drought* Takes a Dramatic Toll on the Colorado River System that Provides Water to 40 Million People
CBS News
Inside One Researcher*s Quest To Understand How Volcanoes Impact Climate Change
2021 Could Be One of the Driest Years in a Millennium, and There*s No Relief in Sight
PBS News Hour
Hidden Within African Diamonds, a Billion-Plus Years of Deep-Earth History
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
How Do Diamonds Form?

Diamond Formation: Diamonds found at or near Earth's surface have formed through four different processes. The plate tectonics cartoon above presents these four methods of diamond formation.

During the Last Ice Age, the Tropics Were Colder Than We Thought. Bad News for Us.
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
UAV Videos of the Fagradalsfjall Eruption: Iceland May 2021
Einat Lev on YouTube

An All Time Record for Natural Gas Exports in 2020
Energy Information Administration

New Dinosaur Species Discovered in Australia, One of the World*s Biggest
NASA Map Gives Most Accurate Space-Based View of LA*s Carbon Dioxide

The article includes an animation showing data accumulated by NASA*s OCO-3 instrument used to create a map of carbon dioxide concentrations that covers about 50 square miles of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The highest concentrations are in yellow. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Production Restraint by U.S. Shale Producers Pushes Oil Prices to Multi-Year High
AGI Report: Geoscience Student Progress During the Pandemic
American Geosciences Institute

In 2020, Natural Gas Exports and Natural Gas for Electricity Production Reached Record Highs
Energy Information Administration

Satellites Show How Earth*s Water Cycle Is Ramping Up as Climate Warms
Earthquake Cluster - Southern Shoreline of the Salton Sea
United States Geological Survey

Map by the United States Geological Survey and members of the GIS user community.

What*s Up: June 2021 Skywatching Tips from NASA
NASA on YouTube

How Petra Diamonds Ended Up in a Human Rights Mess
JCK Online

Interactions between mine security and illegal miners at Petra*s Williamson diamond mine in Tanzania resulted in several incidences of violence, in which accused trespassers were injured, detained or killed. Photo showing the parts of the Williamson diamond mine and processing areas by Hansueli Krapf, temporarily displayed here under a Creative Commons License.

Arizona Surges to the Top of Mining Jurisdictions Worldwide!
Arizona Geology e-Magazine

A Century of Fossil Discovery and Research at Grand Canyon
Arizona Geology e-Magazine

Magnitude 4.0 Earthquake Under Loihi Seamount, South of the Island of Hawaii
United States Geological Survey
Loihi Seamount: The Next Volcanic Island in the Hawaiian Chain?

Loihi Seamount is an active submarine volcano off the southern coast of the Big Island of Hawaii. Creative Commons image by Kmusser.

Nepal*s Communities Brace for Multihazard Risks
EOS Earth & Space Science News
New Infrastructure Increases Natural Gas Takeaway Capacity Out of West Texas
Energy Information Administration

Map by the Energy Information Administration.

June 6th, 1912 - The Most Powerful Volcanic Eruption of the 20th Century Occurred in Alaska

The relative size of the Novarupta eruption compared to other volcanoes on the basis of cubic miles of magma ejected. Novarupta was rated VEI 6 on the volcanic explosivity index. USGS Image.

People in Juneau, Alaska, about 750 miles from the volcano, heard the sound of the blast - over one hour after it occurred.

NASA Selects 2 Missions to Study the *Lost Habitable* World of Venus

Venus hides a wealth of information that could help us better understand Earth and exoplanets. NASA's JPL is designing mission concepts to survive the planet's extreme temperatures and atmospheric pressure.

Volcanoes on Venus

An oblique view of Sapas Mons volcano on Venus. Lava flows several hundred kilometers in length appear as narrow channels on the flanks of the volcano, then spread into broad flows on the plain that surrounds the volcano. Image by NASA.

Menindee Lakes Finally Refilling
NASA Earth Observatory

Historic flooding in New South Wales, Australia brings water to these lakes for the first time in five years.

Curiosity Rover Searches for Organic Salts on Mars
A 20-Foot-High Seawall? Miami Faces Hard Choices Caused by Climate Change.
Seattle Times
Study Identifies Methane *Super-Emitters* in the Largest US Oilfield
The USGS is Ready to Respond During the 2021 Atlantic Hurricane Season
United States Geological Survey

Bryce McClenney, USGS hydrologic technician, tests a new real time, ultrasonic wave height sensor earlier this year in Nags Head, North Carolina. The sensor will measure and transmit wave height and frequency during coastal storms. Photo by David Stillwell, USGS.

Musgravite with Iridescent Inclusions
Gemological Institute of America
Biden Administration Halts Oil and Gas Leases in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Fairbanks Daily News - Miner
A Journey to the Northernmost Tree in Alaska
The *Arctic Treeline* Is One of Three Southernmost *Boundaries of the Arctic*

Boundaries of the Arctic: This map shows the three boundaries commonly used to define the southern geographic extent of the Arctic. Can you name them? Public domain image from the CIA Factbook, treeline added by the National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Arizona*s Meteor Crater
NASA Earth Observatory

The *young* and well-preserved crater helps scientists understand cratering processes on Earth and elsewhere in the solar system. NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey. Story by Kathryn Hansen.

New Multicellular Marine Macroalgae from the Early Tonian of Northwestern Canada
Scientists in Parks - Apply Now!
The Geological Society of America
The World*s Only Diamond Mine Where You Can Do the Mining - And Keep What You Find - Is in Arkansas

Diamonds Found at the Crater of Diamonds Mine: This small handfull of diamonds was found at Crater of Diamonds State Park. Yellow, brown and "white" diamonds are all found regularly at the park. Many have a rounded octahedral or a rounded dodecahedral crystal habit. Image courtesy of

Cyclone Yaas Swamps India and Bangladesh
NASA Earth Observatory

An image from May 26, showing Cyclone Yaas making landfall on India and Bangladesh. A perigean spring tide may have exacerbated the storm*s destructive power. NASA Earth Observatory image by Lauren Dauphin, story by Adam Voiland.

Space Station*s Robotic Arm Hit by Space Junk
Yellowstone*s Gravest Threat to Visitors (It*s Not What You Might Think!)
United States Geological Survey
What*s your guess? Bear attacks? Bison gorings? Getting too close to thermal features? How about death by selfie?
President Biden*s Fiscal Year 2022 Budget Makes Significant Investments in USGS Initiatives
United States Geological Survey
Biden*s budget inclues $1.6 billion in proposed funding for USGS, an increase of $326.9 million or 25 percent above the 2021 enacted level.
Kilauea Volcano Is No Longer Erupting
United States Geological Survey
He Travelled Cross-Country to Mine Diamonds for His Girlfriend*s Engagement Ring -- and Found a 2.2 Carat Yellow
Hundreds Evacuated, Some by Chopper, from New Zealand Floods
Associated Press
Overwintering Fires on the Rise
NASA Earth Observatory

New research shows that this type of wildfire -- which can survive the winter to re-emerge in spring -- is becoming more common in high northern latitudes as the climate warms. NASA images by Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey and fire perimeter data from the Alaska Interagency Coordination Center. Story by Kathryn Hansen.

Locating Landslide Hazards in Western Washington
Pacific Lutheran University

California*s Top Oil Regulator Moves to Ban Fracking by 2024
Desert Sun
Curiosity Image Shows Drifting Clouds Over Mars* Mount Sharp

This image shows clouds drifting over Mount Sharp on Mars, as viewed by NASA*s Curiosity rover on March 19, 2021, the 3,063rd Martian day, or sol, of the mission.

Rocks on Mars

A variety of rock types and sediments have been found on Mars. Many are similar to materials found on Earth.

Record-Breaking Stellar Flare from Nearby Star Recorded in Multiple Wavelengths for the First Time
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Artist*s conception of the violent stellar flare from Proxima Centauri discovered by scientists in 2019 using nine telescopes across the electromagnetic spectrum, including the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Powerful flares eject from Proxima Centauri with regularity, impacting the star*s planets almost daily. Image by S. Dagnello, NRAO/AUI/NSF.

The Blooming Mid-Atlantic
NASA Earth Observatory

A natural-color image of a phytoplankton bloom along the coast of New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia.

Phytoplankton Blooms from Space

This satellite image features a phytoplankton bloom that developed in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Namibia in 2008. The bloom first appeared about October 28 and began to dissipate by November 14. The typical phytoplankton bloom lasts just a few weeks or less. Blooms are frequent off the cost of Namibia because deep ocean currents deliver cold, nutrient-rich waters from the Southern Ocean near Antarctica. The currents encounter the continental shelf, and the water is pushed up the continental slope towards the surface. Often the blooms grow so aggressively that decomposition of deceased plankton bodies consumes so much oxygen that a "dead zone" develops in these areas. This satellite image was prepared by NASA Earth Observatory.

Chasing Magma Around Iceland*s Reykjanes Peninsula
EOS Earth & Space Science News
After the Colonial Attack, Energy Companies Rush to Secure Cyber Insurance
Cyber insurance has been around for a long time and many companies have been buying it for over a decade. Long-time buyers of the product are probably the lowest risk companies. Three reasons why: 1) someone at these companies was aware enough to buy the insurance; 2) the people aware enough to buy the insurance probably made sure that some cyber security training was given to employees, and 3) people aware enough to buy the insurance probably had the technical parts of their systems hardened.

The important thing... getting the insurance doesn't do anything to protect your systems. Insurance only kicks in after you are hacked, after your systems are shut down, and after you get sued. Training employees and tightening technical security is what protects your systems.

Record-Setting Flare Spotted on the Nearest Star to Our Sun
EOS Earth & Space Science News
Your Summer Outlook: Cloudy with an Above-Normal Chance of Hurricanes
EOS Earth & Space Science News
Alaska Is a Major Natural Gas Producer, But Little of the Natural Gas Reaches Market
Energy Information Administration
Submerged Italian Village Briefly Resurfaces After 70 Years Underwater
Europa*s Interior May Be Hot Enough to Fuel Seafloor Volcanoes

Scientists* findings suggest that the interior of Jupiter*s moon Europa may consist of an iron core, surrounded by a rocky mantle in direct contact with an ocean under the icy crust. New research models how internal heat may fuel volcanoes on the seafloor. Image by NASA.

Active Volcanoes of Our Solar System

Volcanoes on Io: Io, a moon of Jupiter, is the most volcanically active body in our solar system. It has over 100 active volcanic centers, many of which have multiple active vents. Eruptions recurrently resurface large parts of the moon. NASA image.

DHS to Issue First Cybersecurity Regulations for Pipelines after Colonial Hack
The Washington Post
The Collectors Who Hunt Down Radioactive Glassware
Atlas Obscura
Colonial Pipeline Hack Prompts New Security Regulations for U.S. Pipelines
Associated Press
Where is Belarus?

Lava From Congo*s Mount Nyiragongo Volcano Accompanied by Toxic Gas, 7 Dead
U.S. News and World Report
Blue Carbon
United States Geological Survey

Explained by USGS: Atmospheric carbon, particularly carbon dioxide, or CO2, can be sequestered by terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems around the world. When that CO2 is absorbed and stored in coastal and oceanic ecosystems, it is known as *blue carbon.*