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Hurricane Nicole Sheds Light on How Storms Impact the Deep Ocean
October 14 | National Science Foundation
Study Explores How Rock Expands Near Soil Surface in Southern Sierra Nevada
October 14 | University of Wyoming
Gas Bubble Forensics Team Surveils the New Zealand Ocean
October 14 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Japan: Typhoon Hagibils Death Toll Climbs to 35 After Storm Produces Widespread Flooding
October 14 | The Washington Post
USGS Estimates 53.8 Trillion Cubic Feet of Natural Gas Hydrate Resources in the Alaska North Slope
October 14 | United States Geological Survey
Japan: Typhoon Hagibis Leaves 2 Dead As Flooding And Landslides Threaten Death Toll
October 13 | National Public Radio
Extinction of Icelandic Walrus Coincides with Norse Settlement
October 13 | National Science Foundation
The presence of walruses in Iceland in the past and their apparent disappearance as early as the Settlement and Commonwealth periods (A.D. 870 - 1262) have long puzzled biologists.
USGS ShakeAlert Earthquake Early Warning System
October 13 | United States Geological Survey

A USGS electronics technician performs maintenance on a ShakeAlert Earthquake Early Warning sensor station, located in the San Francisco Bay Area. ShakeAlert station components include strong-motion accelerometers, solar panel and battery power systems, with the communications and telemetry equipment for communication with the wider ShakeAlert network. Image by Paul Laustsen, USGS.

A Salt Marsh*s Capacity to Store Carbon May Be Threatened by Nitrogen Pollution
October 13 | The University of Chicago

Landscape view of a salt marsh in Florida*s Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge near the Cape Kennedy space center. Photo by Randolph Femmer, USGS.

Deep-Sea Sediments Reveal Solar System Chaos
October 13 | University of Hawaii at Monoa

Research vessel JOIDES Resolution off the coast of Hawaii. Photograph by the International Ocean Discovery Program.

Full Hunter*s Moon to Cast Spectacular Orange Glow in the Sky This Weekend
October 12 | NewYorkUpstate.com
It*s Lights Out in California to Deal With Climate Risks
October 12 | Scientific American
An Unusual Diamond With Another Diamond Moving Freely Inside
October 11 | ALROSA

ALROSA has found an interesting diamond that has a cavity containing another diamond that is able to move freely within the cavity. Image by ALROSA.

Water Rising In Kilauea Crater
October 11 | USGS on YouTube

Rising Sea Levels Could Accelerate Florida Bay Mangrove Loss
October 11 | United States Geological Survey

A slice of a piston core with red mangrove wood and other plant material from Russell Key in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park, in April 2014. Photo by USGS.

Groundwater Pumping Poses Worldwide Threat to Riverine Ecosystems
October 11 | Water Underground
How Are Microplastics Transported to Polar Regions?
October 11 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Northern California Cuts Power to 700,000 Homes and Businesses in an Effort to Prevent Fires
October 11 | Smithsonian.com
Assateague on the Move
October 10 | NASA Earth Observatory

Assateague, Chincoteague, and Wallops provide a rare example of overlapping barrier islands. All of them are constantly in motion.

Landslide Risks Highlighted in New Online Tool
October 10 | United States Geological Survey

In collaboration with state geological surveys and other federal agencies, USGS has compiled much of the existing landslide data into a searchable, web-based interactive map called the U.S. Landslide Inventory Map.

Researchers Discovered 20 Tiny New Moons Circling Saturn
October 10 | Smithsonian.com
600 Years of Grape Harvests Document 20th Century Climate Change
October 10 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
PG&E Cuts Power to Over One Million in California to Reduce Wildfire Risk
October 9 | CNN
On an Active Volcano, a Northern Fur Seal Population Is Booming
October 9 | Smithsonian.com
NASA*s Curiosity Rover Finds an Ancient Oasis on Mars
October 9 | NASA

The network of cracks in this Martian rock slab called *Old Soaker* may have formed from the drying of a mud layer more than 3 billion years ago. The view spans about 4 feet (1.2 meters) left-to-right and combines three images taken by the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera on the arm of NASA's Curiosity Mars rover. Image and caption by NASA.

Rocks On Mars
October 9 | Geology.com

Mudstone: This photograph, taken by NASA*s Mars Rover Curiosity in 2015, shows sedimentary rocks of the Kimberley Formation in Gale Crater. The crater contains thick deposits of finely laminated mudstone that represent fine-grained sediments deposited in a standing body of water that persisted for a long period of time - long enough to allow sediments to accumulate to significant thickness. Image by NASA.

Folds in Metaconglomerate on Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
October 9 | Mountain Beltway
How To Find The Exoplanet That Won This Year*s Nobel Prize With Your Own Eyes
October 9 | Forbes
Dark Matter and Exoplanet Discoveries Will the Nobel Physics Prize
October 9 | Phys.org
Winter Energy Bills in the United States Likely to Be Lower than Last Year*s
October 8 | Energy Information Administration

Tiny Stone Tools Show Humans Hunted in the Rainforest 45,000 Years Ago
October 8 | Smithsonian.com
Flint: Used by Humans to Make Tools for Millions of Years
October 8 | Geology.com

Flint Nodule: Flint is a variety of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz. It occurs as nodules and concretionary masses, and less frequently as a layered deposit. It breaks consistently with a conchoidal fracture and was one of the first materials used to make tools by early people. They used it to make cutting tools. This specimen is about four inches (ten centimeters) across and is from Dover Cliffs, England.

Earth Science Week 2019 (October 13 to 19)
October 8 | Earth Science Week

Water Footprint Calculator
October 8 | GRACE Communications Foundation
Canada: Country Energy Report
October 8 | Energy Information Administration

Canada is one of the world*s top energy producers and is a principal source of U.S. energy imports. This report covers all important primary sources of energy production and consumption in the country.

Shape of Volcanic Ash Particles Influences Contamination of Water in Volcanically Active Regions
October 7 | GeoSpace
Ofhidro Glacier, Chile Retreat 1986-2019
October 7 | From A Glacier*s Perspective
Precursors to the Anak Krakatau Flank Collapse
October 7 | The Landslide Blog
Another Large Tailings Dam Failure in Brazil
October 7 | The Landslide Blog
A Decade of Exploring Alaska*s Mountain Glaciers
October 6 | NASA

Edge of the Ice
October 6 | NASA Earth Observatory

For a brief period in late summer, Greenland takes on an appearance like no other time of year. Months of relative warmth culminate in vast areas of the landscape showing signs of melting. For example, water can pond on the surface of the ice, or show up along the edges of glaciers. The latter is visible in this image, which shows a so-called proglacial lake in northwest Greenland.

Human Activity Outpaces Volcanoes, Asteroids in Releasing Deep Carbon
October 6 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Diamonds: Another Type of Deep Carbon
October 6 | Geology.com

Diamonds from Deep-Source Eruptions: Most commercial diamond deposits are thought to have formed when a deep-source volcanic eruption delivered diamonds to the surface.

*Glass Pearls* in Clamshells Point to Ancient Meteor Impact
October 5 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
ISS Photograph: Sand Dunes and Playa Lakes of the Simpson Desert, Australia
October 5 | NASA Earth Observatory

Fantastic sand dunes stand alongside one of the world*s largest internally draining river systems. The Simpson Desert is located in South Australia. Photograph by NASA astronauts, caption by NASA Earth Observatory.

The World's Largest Deserts
October 5 | Geology.com
world's largest deserts
World Desert Map: This map shows the generalized location of Earth*s ten largest deserts on the basis of surface area. Base map by NOAA.

Jason-2 Ocean Surface Topography Mission Ends
October 5 | NASA

NASA*s Jason projects show how global sea level has shown a steady rise since the early 1990s to present. Graph by NASA/JPL-Caltech.

USGS Estimates 214 trillion Cubic Feet of Natural Gas in Appalachian Basin Formations
October 4 | United States Geological Survey

Image by the United States Geological Survey.

USGS to Install New Volcano Early Detection and Monitoring Stations at Mount Hood
October 4 | United States Geological Survey

Rifting and Calving on the Amery Ice Shelf
October 4 | NASA Earth Observatory
Diverting the Mississippi River May Not Save Louisiana*s Coast
October 4 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
New Organic Compounds Found in Enceladus Ice Grains
October 3 | NASA
Customs Cracking Down on Imports of Congo Gold, Marange Diamonds
October 3 | JCKonline.com
Renewables Projected to Provide Nearly Half of World Electricity by 2050
October 3 | Energy Information Administration

Oil Shipping Rates from U.S. to Asia Hit Three-Year High After a Chinese Transport Company Is Sanctioned
October 3 | Reuters
Data: Natural Gas Consumption, Total and per Capita, Ranked by State, 2017
October 3 | Energy Information Administration
Data: Petroleum Consumption, Total and per Capita, Ranked by State, 2017
October 3 | Energy Information Administration
Trying to Make Money Drilling $2 Gas in the Appalachian Basin
October 2 | Rigzone
Saudi Aramco Returns to Previous Production After Drone Attacks
October 2 | Bloomberg
Three Decades of Urban Expansion in Quito
October 2 | NASA Earth Observatory

In the past three decades, Quito*s urban area has more than quadrupled. Where is Quito?

What's Up - October 2019
October 2 | NASA

What can you see in the October sky? Join the global celebration of International Observe the Moon Night on Oct. 5th, then try to catch the ice giant planets Uranus and Neptune, which are well placed for viewing in the late night sky.

Earth*s Liquid Outer Core Might Be Leaking Tungsten Isotopes
October 1 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
A Pulse of Water for Lake Powell
October 1 | NASA Earth Observatory

Heavy snowfall in the Rocky Mountains in the winter and spring of 2019 provided a much-needed pulse of meltwater into Lake Powell, the second largest reservoir (by maximum water capacity) in the United States. NASA Earth Observatory images by Lauren Dauphin and Joshua Stevens, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey and water storage data from the Bureau of Reclamation.

California Tests New Strategies to Prevent Deadly Wildfires
October 1 | Scientific American
Spitzer Spots a Starry Region Bursting With Bubbles
October 1 | NASA

This cloud of gas and dust in space is full of bubbles inflated by wind and radiation from massive young stars. Each bubble is about 10 to 30 light-years across and filled with hundreds to thousands of stars. The region lies in the Milky Way galaxy, in the constellation Aquila (aka the Eagle). Image by NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Want to Dig For Dinosaur Bones? Join the Pros at These Spots
September 30 | Smithsonian.com
The World*s Oceans Are Losing Power to Stall Climate Change
September 30 | Scientific American
Tibesti: Another Mining-Induced Landslide
September 30 | The Landslide Blog
A Year Locked in Ice
September 30 | NOAA

The German Icebreaker RV Polarstern is surrounded by pack ice in this 2012 photograph. Image by Alfred Wegener Institute.

When Beaches Are Trashed, Who Pays the Price?
September 30 | NOAA
In Orange County California, a doubling of the typical amount of debris was estimated to cause a $414 million decrease in local tourism-related spending and a loss of nearly 4,300 jobs.
Natural Gas, LNG Exports and Emissions Progress
September 30 | American Petroleum Institute
The Coming Surge of Rocket Emissions
September 30 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
GAO: Energy Department Not Doing Enough to Protect the Energy Grid Against Cyber Attacks
September 29 | The Hill
U.S. Crude Exports May Hit 4 Million b/d Amid Saudi Outage
September 29 | Platts
The Astonishing Spying Capabilities of This U.S. Satellite (historical video)
September 29 | Smithsonian.com
Portions of this video were made 50 years ago, but were only recently declassified.
Explosive Volcanic Eruption Powered by Water-Saturated Magma
September 29 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Quote from the article: *Some volcanoes erupt almost gently, lava moving placidly down their sides. Others erupt explosively, launching plumes of ash high into the atmosphere and triggering gale-force pyroclastic flows. Kelud, an active stratovolcano in Indonesia, does both."
Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI)
September 29 | Geology.com

Volcanic Explosivity Index: The spheres in the illustration above represent the volume of erupted tephra for some of the most widely-known explosive volcanic eruptions. Although most people believe that Vesuvius (79 AD - the Pompeii eruption), Mount St. Helens (1980), Crater Lake (71,000 BC), and Mount Pinatubo (1991) were enormous, they are very small compared to ancient eruptions such as Wah Wah Springs, Toba, Yellowstone, or Long Valley Caldera.

To Fight Diamond Smuggling, Angola Expells 1/2 Million Illegal Immigrants, Closes Mines, Seizes Diamonds
September 28 | ModernGhana.com
UW Study Explores How Rock Expands Near Soil Surface in Southern Sierra Nevada
September 28 | University of Wyoming
A University of Wyoming researcher and his team discovered that weathering of subsurface rock in the Southern Sierra Nevada Mountains of California occurs due more to rocks expanding than from chemical decomposition, as previously thought. Porosity, the void space in rock, was conventionally thought to be produced when water flows through the rock, thus resulting in minerals chemically dissolving.
Rocks at Asteroid Impact Site Record First Day of Dinosaur Extinction
September 28 | The University of Texas at Austin

A portion of the drilled cores from the rocks that filled the crater. Scientists found melted and broken rocks such as sandstone, limestone and granite - but no sulfur-bearing minerals, despite the area*s high concentration of sulfur containing rocks. This finding suggests that the impact vaporized these rocks forming sulfate aerosols in the atmosphere, causing cooling on the global scale. Credit: International Ocean Discovery Program.

Geoscience Workforce Changes 2018-2028 (Projected Growth Is 6.2%)
September 28 | American Geosciences Institute

Where Is the Hottest Place on Earth?
September 28 | NASA Earth Observatory
Lots of locations have been called the "hottest place on Earth" - some have even been named *Hell* - but most of them are not even close to claiming that title. This article explores some of the problems with that title because *the majority of Earth*s hottest spots are simply not being directly measured by ground-based instruments.*
Dust Storm in Southern Africa
September 27 | NASA Earth Observatory

Strong winds carry sand and dust from arid lands in Namibia and South Africa westward and over the Atlantic Ocean. NASA Earth Observatory image by Lauren Dauphin, using VIIRS data from NASA EOSDIS/LANCE and GIBS/Worldview, and the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership.

Well Interference in the Permian Basin Could Decrease Productivity by a Million Barrels Per Day
September 27 | Yahoo! Finance
Hidden World of Undersea Volcanoes and Lava Flows Discovered Off Italian Coast
September 27 | LiveScience
Tropical Storm Karen Expected to Weaken While Lorenzo Becomes a Category 4 Hurricane
September 27 | The Washington Post

Click the map above to see current storms in the Atlantic area.

Low Natural Gas Spot Prices in Northeast Drive Additional Flows Out of the Region
September 27 | Energy Information Administration

2019 Arctic Sea Ice Minimum Is Second Lowest
September 26 | NASA Earth Observatory

Arctic Ocean sea ice reached its annual summer minimum on September 18, 2019. The extent of ice cover this year effectively tied 2007 and 2016 as the second lowest in the satellite record, which dates back to late 1978. NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens, using data from the National Snow and Ice Data Center.Story by Maria-Jose Vinas, NASA*s Earth Science News Team.

EIA: U.S. Oil Production to Peak in 2039 at 14.28 Million Barrels Per Day
September 26 | Platts
Cyclone Hikaa Hits Oman
September 26 | NASA Earth Observatory

A few tropical cyclones spin into the northwestern reaches of the Arabian Sea, and some bring damaging winds and rain into the Arabian Peninsula. That was the case on September 24, 2019, when Tropical Cyclone Hikaa made landfall over Oman. Image an caption by Joshua Stevens and Kathryn Hansen, NASA Earth Observatory.

U.S. Sees Largest Weekly Gasoline Price Spike Since Hurricane Harvey
September 26 | Energy Information Administration

Annova LNG Plans to Get All of Its Power from Renewables
September 26 | Houston Chronicle
Paleontologists Are Trying to Understand Why the Fossil Record Is Mostly Males
September 26 | Atlas Obscura
Volcanic Ask Gives the Houstone Skyline a Purple Haze
September 26 | Houston Chronicle
Volcanic Ash: Often Underestimated in Its Geographic Reach and Impact
September 26 | Geology.com

The size and abundance of volcanic ash particles decrease with distance from the volcano.

USGS Hazard Science - Understanding the Risks is Key to Preparedness
September 25 | United States Geological Survey

United States Geological Survey scientists monitoring activity at Kilauea volcano in Hawaii. USGS image.

West Virginia Emerging as a Natural Gas Powerhouse
September 25 | RigZone.com
West Virginia*s gas production has reached a record for 10 straight years and now accounts for 5-6 percent of total U.S. output.
International Energy Outlook 2019: A 50% Increase in World Energy Useage by 2050 Led by Asia
September 25 | Energy Information Administration
A Second Interstellar Visitor to Our Solar System Has Been Confirmed and Named
September 25 | CNN
Adria: A Continental Fragment the Size of Greenland Is Under the Medeterranean Region
September 25 | Utrecht University

Reconstruction of Greater Adria, Africa and Europe, about 140 million years ago. Map by Utrecht University.

An Introduction to Igneous and Volcanic Features
September 25 | Geology.com

Image and article by Terri Cook.

U.S. Rig Count Drops 14 Oil and 5 Gas to a Total of 868
September 24 | RigZone.com
One year ago, the count was at 1053
M 5.2 Earthquake, Near New Mirpur, Pakistan
September 24 | United States Geological Survey

Map by the United States Geological Survey.

M 6.0 Earthquake Northwest of Puerto Rico
September 24 | United States Geological Survey

Map by the United States Geological Survey.

Tropical Storm Karen Track Map
September 24 | National Hurricane Center

Click the map above to see the current maps for this storm at the National Hurricane Center.

Tropical Storm Karen Moves Towards Puerto Rico After a 6.0 Earthquake
September 24 | Orlando Sentinel
It Looks Like NASA Is Getting Serious About Finding Hazardous Asteroids
September 24 | Ars Technica
Buyers from Europe and Asia Demand the Best When They Buy U.S. Crude
September 24 | Reuters
Petronet of India, Buys a $2.5B Stake in Tellurian, an LNG Company in Houston
September 24 | Houston Chronicle
The deal locks up 5.5 million tons of LNG per year over the facility's lifetime.
Imelda Downpours Flood Southeast Texas
September 24 | NASA Earth Observatory

NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens, using IMERG data from the Global Precipitation Mission (GPM) at NASA/GSFC.

New Mexico Will Use Satellites to Monitor Methane Emissions in the Permian Basin
September 23 | Yahoo! News
Chevron*s Waterflood Project in the St. Malo Field, Gulf of Mexico
September 23 | Rigzone
Addressing Potential Groundwater Contamination by Plastic Microfibers
September 23 | Water Underground

Screenshot of LITTERBASE*s Online Portal of Marine Litter.

Folds of Gonzen Mountain, Switzerland
September 23 | Mountain Beltway
The Disappearance of Multiple Baffin Island Glaciers Between 2002 and 2019
September 23 | From A Glacier*s Perspective
Jerry and Karen are Active Tropical Storms of the Atlantic
September 23 | National Hurricane Center

Map by the National Hurricane Center.

Mine Waste Landslides at the Kumtor Gold Mine in Kyrgyzstan
September 22 | The Landslide Blog
Where is Kyrgyzstan?
September 22 | Geology.com
map of Kyrgyzstan
The 1985 Stava Tailings Dam Disaster
September 22 | The Landslide Blog
House Passes Measure to Protect Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
September 22 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Albania Struck by 5.6-Magnitude Earthquake, Injuring at Least 37
September 22 | CNN
M5.6 Earthquake Hits Albania
September 22 | United States Geological Survey

USGS *Did you feel it?* map showing intensities reported by people in Albania.

NASA Captures A Solar Eclipse On Jupiter Made By Its Volcanic Moon
September 21 | Forbes

Image by NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Kevin M. Gill.

Listen To Hurricane Dorian*s Furious Roar, As *Heard* By Seismometers
September 21 | Forbes

200,000 People Go Into California*s Volcanic Hazard Zones Every Day
September 21 | Forbes
This Is An Ex-Eruption!
September 21 | Magma Cum Laude
Amending the eruptive record at California*s Mount Shasta to remove an eruption that was supposedly seen by a French mapping expedition in 1786.
A Big Crop of Wind Turbines Expected to Come Online in the United States in 2019 and 2020
September 20 | Energy Information Administration

China*s New Incentives for Domestic Production of Tight Gas, Shale Gas and Coalbed Methane
September 20 | Energy Information Administration

Tropical Storm Jerry Approaches Hurricane Strength
September 19 | National Hurricane Center

Hurricane Humberto Misses Bermuda but Leaves Much of the Island in the Dark
September 19 | CNN

See the live map at the National Hurricane Center.

Storm Updates: Imelda Drenches Texas As Humberto Menaces Bermuda
September 19 | National Public Radio
Inclusions in Natural, Treated, Synthetic, and Imitation Opal (Great Photos)
September 19 | Gemological Institute of America
An Introduction to the Many Types of Opal
September 19 | Geology.com

Photos and articles about precious opal, fire opal, synthetic opal, common opal and more.

How We Look Kilometers Below the Antarctic Ice Sheet
September 19 | TED Talks

Earth Science Week 2019 Is Coming Soon (October 13 to 19)
September 18 | Earth Science Week
Astronomers Snap Photo of Second Known Interstellar Object
September 18 | BGR
Natural Gas and Wind Forecast to be the Fastest Growing Sources of U.S. Electricity Generation
September 18 | Energy Information Administration

Image by the Energy Information Administration.

U.S. Shale Oil Output to Rise to Record 8.8 Million bpd in October
September 18 | Reuters
That Old Question About the Age of Saturn*s Rings
September 18 | Cosmos

Image by NASA.

A Hurricane, Tropical Storm, and Tropical Depression
September 18 | NOAA Hurricane Center


A Marine Heat Wave Hit the Northeast Pacific in August
September 18 | NASA Earth Observatory

From 2014 to 2016, a marine heat wave spread across the northeastern Pacific Ocean - an ocean weather event that researchers coined *the blob.* In the summer of 2019, an expanse of warm surface water returned to the region.

Summer 2019 Was Hottest on Record for Northern Hemisphere
September 17 | NOAA

Images by NOAA.

How Antarctica*s Only Native Insect Survives the Freezing Temperatures
September 17 | Smithsonian.com
With Water and the Right Temperature, This Planet Could Support Life
September 17 | KHOU.com
Coal Shipments to the U.S. Power Sector Continue to Fall
September 17 | Energy Information Administration

Nearly 600 million short tons (MMst) of coal was shipped to the U.S. electric power sector in 2018, the lowest level since 1983. Coal has lost market share because natural gas is less expensive, easier to transport, has no ash disposal problem, burns cleaner, arrives by pipeline, does not require on-ground storage, does not require crushing, has lower handling costs, and other advantages. In addition, wind, solar and other renewable fuels are taking market share away from coal.

U.S. Shale Seen Unlikely to Quickly Replace Barrels Lost in Attack on Saudi Facilities
September 17 | Reuters
Floods Swamp Sudan
September 17 | NASA Earth Observatory

Heavy August rains caused severe flooding in Sudan.

Drought Exacerbates Australian Fires
September 17 | NASA Earth Observatory

Several years of dry conditions have set the stage for a fierce fire season in southeastern Australia.

New Sensors to Monitor Storm Surge on Bridges
September 16 | National Science Foundation

A water pressure sensor attached to a bridge along Florida*s Atlantic Coast. Video credit: Science Nation, National Science Foundation.

Scientists Uncover the Origin of Bronze Age Tin
September 16 | Mining.com