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Rising Natural Gas Production From the Utica Shale
June 26 | Platts
Where Is the Utica Shale?
June 26 | Geology.com
Utica Shale Cross Section
The cross section above shows the subsurface position of the Marcellus Shale, Utica Shale and the continental basement rock. The line of cross section is shown as line A-B on the inset map. Note that the Utica Shale is about 2000 feet below the Marcellus under eastern Ohio but about 6000 feet below the Marcellus in south-central Pennsylvania. Also note that the Marcellus Shale potential source rock does not extend as far into Ohio as the Utica.

The House Adopts Amendments to Block Offshore Drilling, Seismic Testing Along Most U.S. Shorelines
June 26 | The Hill
How Shutting Down a Pipeline Under the Straits of Mackinac Will Hurt Ohio Refiners
June 26 | Associated Press
Crude Oil Inputs to Mexico*s Petroleum Refineries Continued to Decline in 2018
June 26 | Energy Information Administration

Kansas Regulators Struggle With a Record-High 22,000 Abandoned Oil and Gas Wells
June 26 | The Topeka Capital-Journal
Washington Governor (2020 Presidential Candidate): Fight Fossil Fuel Pollution, Ban Fracking
June 26 | The Hill
Curiosity*s Mars Methane Mystery Continues
June 25 | NASA

This image was taken by the left Navcam on NASA*s Curiosity Mars rover on June 18, 2019, the 2,440th Martian day, or sol, of the mission. It shows part of *Teal Ridge,* which the rover has been studying within a region called the &clay-bearing unit.* Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Methane Stinks? On Earth, Mars, and Beyond
June 25 | NASA

Oldest Meteorite Collection Found in World*s Oldest Desert
June 25 | EOS Earth and Space Science News
What Are Meteorites?
June 25 | Geology.com
Sikhote-Alin Iron Meteorite: A fine example of a Sikhote-Alin iron meteorite, weighing 409.9 grams, which was seen to fall in eastern Russia in February of 1947. Photo copyright Aerolite Meteorites / Geoffrey Notkin.

Growth in Argentina*s Shale Gas Production Leads to LNG Exports
June 24 | Energy Information Administration

Many Water Cycle Diagrams Promote Misconceptions
June 24 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
If you are going to create a "water cycle" diagram for elementary students, it must be simple because students have not yet developed the content knowledge and analytical abilities to understand the full complexity. Give students a few years and visit the water cycle again, this time adding a couple more variables that their new level of abilities can appreciate. Visiting the water cycle multiple times during a K-12 education will help students appreciate that some topics are complex, but they can be understood if taken one-step-at-a-time.

Every introductory course in geology at the college level can be followed by one or more upper level courses that go into more detail and clearly demonstrate that the introductory material was oversimplification. Tell students that they are obtaining a deeper understanding. This is part of a quality educational experience and is what develops a geological maturity of the person. This is not unique to the water cycle.

Perhaps we should have a set of water cycle diagrams that can be used in a sequence, through a K-12 education, and a set that can be used in college courses to demonstrate further complexity in a single lecture, or in a diverse sequence of courses across the undergraduate experience.

Tumultuous Clouds of Jupiter
June 24 | NASA

This stunning compilation image of Jupiter*s stormy northern hemisphere was captured by NASA*s Juno spacecraft as it performed a close pass of the gas giant planet. Some bright-white clouds can be seen popping up to high altitudes on the right side of Jupiter's disk. Image and caption by NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Kevin M. Gill.

Chennai: India*s Sixth Largest City Is Almost Out of Water
June 24 | CNN
Where Is Chennai?
June 24 | Geology.com
map of Chennai, India
A Swarm of 1000 Earthquake Hit Southern California - How Nervous Should We Be?
June 23 | Los Angeles Times
California Earthquake Map Collection
June 23 | Geology.com
Riverside County Earthquake of 1948
Riverside County Earthquake, 1948: The earthquake probably was caused by displacement on the Mission Creek fault, one of the major branches of the San Andreas fault system in southern California. The highest intensities in the area were reported from the upper Coachella Valley from Thousand Palms to White Water, which also was the most densely populated area near the epicenter.

What Is a Hydrothermal Vent?
June 23 | United States Geological Survey

Mineral-laden water emerging from a hydrothermal vent on the Niua underwater volcano in the Lau Basin, southwest Pacific Ocean. As the water cools, minerals precipitate to form tower-like *chimneys.* Image by Schmidt Ocean Institute.

Supreme Court Overturns Precedent In Property Rights Case -- A Sign Of Things To Come?
June 23 | National Public Radio
Mineral Rights: Basic Information About Mineral, Surface, Oil and Gas Rights
June 23 | Geology.com
mineral rights
"Mineral Rights" entitle a person or organization to explore and produce the rocks, minerals, oil and gas found at or below the surface of a tract of land. The owner of mineral rights can sell, lease, gift or bequest them to others individually or entirely. For example, it is possible to sell or lease rights to all mineral commodities beneath a property and retain rights to the surface. It is also possible to sell the rights to a specific rock unit (such as the Pittsburgh Coal Seam) or sell the rights to a specific mineral commodity (such as limestone).

Mountain on Ceres is Likely a Cryovolcano
June 22 | NASA
cryovolcano on ceres
Ceres is a dwarf planet and the largest object in the asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

Active Volcanoes of Our Solar System
June 22 | Geology.com
volcanoes on Jupiter's moon Io
Volcanoes on Io: Io, a moon of Jupiter, is the most volcanically active body in our solar system. It has over 100 active volcanic centers, many of which have multiple active vents. Eruptions recurrently resurface large parts of the moon. NASA image.

Earthquake Cluster on a Transform Boundary of the Juan de Fuca Plate
June 22 | United States Geological Survey
cluster of earthquakes on a transform portion of the Juan de Fuca plate
On July 22 (UTC) there have been at least 8 earthquakes ranging between M3.1 and M5.4 clustered on a transform boundary section of the Juan de Fuca plate known as the Bianco Fracture Zone. All have been at a depth of ten kilometers or less.

Diamonds from the Deep: How Old Are Diamonds?
June 22 | Gemological Institute of America
Germany Announces a Proposal to Phase Coal Out of Its Electricity Generation by 2038
June 22 | Energy Information Administration
Germany*s electric generation by fuel
As of March 2019, Germany had about 40 GW of installed coal-fired generation capacity at 84 plants across the country. Of that capacity, 21 GW were fired by bituminous coal - referred to as hard coal by Germany*s Federal Network Agency - and 19 GW by lignite, or brown coal.

Mapping Subglacial Meltwater Channels
June 22 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
The Strait of Hormuz Is the World*s Most Important Oil Transit Chokepoint
June 21 | Energy Information Administration
map of the Straight of Hormouz
The Strait of Hormuz, located between Oman and Iran, connects the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. Image and caption by the Energy Information Administration.

Humans May Have Been Crafting Stone Tools for 2.6 Million Years
June 21 | Smithsonian.com
NASA Releases an Image of an Impact Crater on the Surface of Mars That is Less Than 3 Years Old
June 21 | CNN
Mars impact crater
Image by NASA/JPL/University of Arizona.

Scientists Close In on Hidden Scottish Meteorite Crater
June 21 | BBC News
Ancient DNA Reveals Complex Story of Human Migration Between Siberia and North America
June 21 | Smithsonian.com
Our Changing Views of Habitable Planets
June 20 | NASA Exoplanet Exploration
Planets of TRAPPIST-1
Three of the seven roughly Earth-sized planets orbiting a red-dwarf star, TRAPPIST-1, are considered to be in the habitable zone (green) - where liquid water is possible on the surface. Image and caption by NASA.

Enbridge Plans to Fight Michigan Over an Oil Pipeline Tunnel Under the Straights of Mackinac
June 20 | The Associated Press
This Norwegian Island Wants to Become the World*s First Time-Free Zone
June 20 | Smithsonian.com
How an Atomic Clock Will Get Humans to Mars on Time
June 20 | NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
The Secret Life of Undersea Bubbles
June 20 | United States Geological Survey

Image by the United States Geological Survey.

The Cuyahoga River Caught Fire at Least a Dozen Times, but No One Cared Until 1969
June 20 | Smithsonian.com
Apollo*s Bounty: The Science of the Moon Rocks
June 19 | Scientific American
An Outcrop Painting, Hidden for Decades Behind a Wall in a Vermont Geology Department, Sees New Light
June 19 | AtlasObscura
Jakobshavn Glacier Grows for Third Straight Year
June 19 | NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Jakobshavn Glacier
These images show the mass Greenland's Jakobshavn Glacier has gained from 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19. Areas with the most growth - about 33 yards (30 meters) - are shown in dark blue. Red areas represent thinning. The images were produced using GLISTIN-A radar data as part of NASA's Ocean's Melting Greenland (OMG) mission. Image and caption by NASA/JPL-Caltech / NASA Earth Observatory.

Grand Canyon Will Soon Be a Dark Sky Park
June 19 | Smithsonian.com
North Carolina Bald Cypress Tree Is at Least 2,674 Years Old
June 19 | Eos Earth & Space Science News
Louisiana*s Offshore Oil Port Exports Surge to New Record Amid Trade Turmoil
June 19 | The New Orleans Advocate
A Crude Oil Pipeline from the Bakken to Oklahoma
June 19 | Bismarck Tribune
M6.4 Earthquake Off the West Coast of Honshu, Japan
June 18 | United States Geological Survey
Japan earthquake
Map by the United States Geological Survey.

Earthquake in Southern China Kills 11, Injures 122
June 18 | Associated Press
Magnitude 5.8 Earthquake in Sichuan Province, Central China
June 18 | United States Geological Survey
Mixed Water Supply Conditions Affect Hydropower Outlook in Pacific Northwest
June 18 | U.S. Energy Information Administration
Northwest hydropower map
Japan is the World*s Third-Largest Coal-Importing Country
June 18 | U.S. Energy Information Administration
Japan coal imports
Only India and China import more coal than Japan. Almost all of their imported coal comes from Australia.

Interest Dims in Oklahoma Shale Play as Drilling Results Disappoint
June 18 | Reuters
We Need to Get Serious About *Critical Materials*
June 18 | Scientific American
Community Impacts from Extreme Weather Can Shape Climate Beliefs
June 17 | Duke University
Flooding in Colorado
In 2013, floods inundated parts of Colorado. Severe weather events like this, which affect entire communities, are more likely to alter public perception about climate change than smaller events which cause individual losses. Image by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

How Deep-Ocean Vents Fuel Massive Phytoplankton Blooms
June 17 | Stanford University
What Is A Phytoplankton Bloom?
June 17 | Geology.com
Phytoplankton Bloom
A phytoplankton bloom off the southwestern coast of England. This Landsat image was prepared by Steve Groom of the Plymouth Marine Laboratory.

Dust in the wind: North Pacific Ocean Fertilized by Iron in Asian Dust
June 17 | National Science Foundation
ocean dust
Asian dust is transported over the North Pacific Ocean. Credit: NASA

Philadelphia City Council Approves Controversial Plan for an LNG Export Terminal
June 17 | KYN News Radio
Three New LNG Projects Are Being Considered for the Brownsville, Texas Area
June 17 | KeraNews.com
Australia Supplies Most of China*s Imported LNG
June 17 | Reuters
China is shifting its energy consumption away from coal and towards more LNG, and Australia has a transportation advantage over most other LNG exporters.
What Is LNG?
June 17 | Geology.com

LNG Carrier Ship is docked at the Bontang LNG liquefaction terminal in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The LNG is carried in the ship's four dome-shaped tanks. Image copyright iStockphoto / Mayumi Terao.

How Much Electric Power Does It Take to Grow Synthetic Diamonds?
June 16 | JCKonline.com
Diamond Foundry says that their new plant near Wenatchee, Washington will require 19 megawatts of power to grow a million carats per year.
Ancient Gold Coin Found in Field Sells for Nearly $700,000
June 16 | JCKonline.com
16 Years! How NASA*s Spitzer Has Stayed Alive for So Long
June 16 | NASA
Spitzer satellite
The Spitzer Space Telescope whizzes in front of a brilliant, infrared view of the Milky Way galaxy*s plane in this artistic depiction. Image and caption by NASA/JPL.

Arizona Geological Survey - Economic Impact Survey - Update
June 15 | Arizona Geological Survey
Free Download: Geology of Flagstaff and the Rio de Flag
June 15 | Arizona Geological Survey
Flagstaff area geology
The Arizona Geological Survey*s newest Down-To-Earth booklet recounts the geology of Flagstaff and the history of the Rio de Flag; the river that runs through it. Part 1 is an overview of the regional geology and Part 2 includes trail guides; click the image above for more and a link to download the guide.

Scotland*s Tiny Artificial Islands Date to the Stone Age
June 15 | Smithsonian.com
Where Is Scotland?
June 15 | Geology.com
map of Scotland, England and Wales
Many people are confused about the different names used to refer to the islands and countries located northwest of Europe in the North Atlantic Ocean. We have made a few simple maps to help clarify.

Temperatures Leap 40 Degrees Above Normal as the Arctic Ocean and Greenland Ice Sheet See Record June Melting
June 15 | The Washington Post
Almost All U.S. Coal Production is Consumed for Electric Power
June 15 | U.S. Energy Information Administration
U.S. Coal Flow
Earth*s Largest River Delta Was the Size of Alaska
June 15 | Smithsonian.com
Landslides Triggered by Hurricane Maria
June 15 | The Geological Society of America
Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017 and triggered more than 40,000 landslides in at least three-fourths of Puerto Rico's 78 municipalities.
Examining the Age of Groundwater in Egyptian Aquifers
June 15 | University of Delaware
Landowners Beat EQT in Court for $200K - For an Act that Is Not Uncommon in Oil & Gas Country
June 14 | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
NASA Reveals Tropical Cyclone Vayu*s Compact Center
June 14 | NASA
Tropical Cyclone Vayu
On June 12 at 4:05 a.m. EDT (0905 UTC), the MODIS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible image of Tropical Cyclone Vayu and showed a compact center of circulation. Image and caption by NASA.

Summer *Dead Zone* in Chesapeake Bay Expected to be the Largest in Decades
June 14 | The Baltimore Sun
Future Tsunamis Possible in the Red Sea*s Gulf of Elat-Aqaba
June 14 | Phys.org
The 1995 Gulf of Aqaba Earthquake
June 14 | Wikipedia
1995 Gulf of Aqaba Earthquake Map
USGS estimated intensity map of the 1995 Gulf of Aqaba Earthquake

Strong Explosion At Agung Volcano (Bali, Indonesia) Sends Ash to 30,000 Feet
June 14 | Volcano Discovery
Agung Volcano: Map, Photos, Eruptions, Plate Tectonics
June 14 | Geology.com
map of Agung Volcano
Map showing the location of Agung, a dangerous volcano on the island of Bali, Indonesia.

Mechanical Models Suggest Fault Linkage Through California*s Imperial Valley
June 14 | Southern California Earthquake Center
NOAA Projects a Very Large Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone This Summer
June 14 | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
Image by NOAA.

What Is A *Dead Zone*?
June 14 | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Huge Increases in U.S. Oil and Gas Output in 2018
June 14 | Bloomberg
New Species of Tiny Tyrannosaur Foreshadows Rise of T. Rex
June 13 | North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences
Catalog of North Texas Earthquakes Confirms Continuing Effects of Wastewater Disposal
June 13 | Science Daily
The Quaking, Shrinking Moon
June 13 | Eos Earth & Space Science News
More Than 30 Geoscientists-in-the-Parks Opportunities for Fall/Winter 2019-2020
June 13 | The Geological Society of America
Application Deadline is June 17th.
Monthly Crude Imports from OPEC Countries Fall to a 30-Year Low
June 13 | Energy Information Administration
monthly crude imports
M5.6 Earthquake - Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
June 13 | United States Geological Survey
earthquake on the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Map by the United States Geological Survey.

Life in Antarctica*s Ice Mirrors Human Disease
June 13 | North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences
Freshwater Under the Ocean
June 13 | University of Delaware

Marine Oil Snow - Fallout from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
June 13 | University of Delaware
Salish Sea: New Information about Earthquake and Tsunami Hazards
June 12 | Seismological Society of America
the Salish Sea
The Salish Sea is is the intricate network of coastal waterways that includes the southwestern portion of Canada's province of British Columbia and the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of Washington. Its major bodies of water are the Strait of Georgia, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and Puget Sound. Satellite image by NASA's Earth Observatory. Caption by Wikipedia.

Cyclone Vayu Approaches India - 300,000 People Evacuated with Hurricane Strength
June 12 | CNN
cyclone Vayu
Cyclone Vayu is expected to travel in a southeasterly direction, along the west coast of India between Porbandar and Panaji.

Sea Level Rise May Reactivate Growth of Some Reef Islands
June 12 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Seals With Antennas on Their Heads Helped Scientists Solve an Antarctic Mystery
June 12 | CNN
NASA Advances Lunar Crater Modeling and Asteroid Mining Projects
June 12 | engadget
Mass Anomaly Detected Under the Moon*s Largest Crater
June 12 | Baylor University
anomaly under Moon*s largest crater
Approximate location of the anomaly under the Moon*s largest crater. Image by NASA.

Pennsylvania Governor Tries Again for a Severance Tax on Natural Gas
June 11 | WV Metro News
Marcellus and Utica Shale Cross Section
The cross section above shows the subsurface position of the Marcellus Shale, the Utica Shale and the continental basement rock. The line of cross section is shown as line A-B on the inset map. Note that the Utica Shale is about 2000 feet below the Marcellus under eastern Ohio but about 6000 feet below the Marcellus in south-central Pennsylvania. Also note that the Marcellus Shale potential source rock does not extend as far into Ohio as the Utica.

Lake Erie Earthquake - Did You Feel It? Map
June 11 | United States Geological Survey
Lake Erie earthquake - intensity map
Map by the United States Geological Survey.

M4.2 Earthquake Under Lake Erie Shakes Cleveland
June 11 | Cleveland.com
ohio earthquake
Map by the United States Geological Survey.

Gauging in the Rain
June 11 | Eos Earth & Space Science News
Horizontally Drilled Wells Dominate U.S. Tight Formation Production
June 11 | U.S. Energy Information Administration
Oil and Shale Well Counts
Graphs by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Directional and Horizontal Drilling in Oil and Gas Wells
June 11 | Geology.com
Horizontal Drilling
Directional Drilling Under a City: Directional drilling can be used to reach targets that cannot be drilled with a vertical well. For example, it may not be possible to get a drilling permit for a well located within a populated area or within a park. However, a well could be drilled just outside of the populated area or park and then steered directionally to hit the target.

What You Need to Know About Asian Longhorned Ticks
June 11 | Center for Disease Control
Asian Longhorned Ticks
Asian longhorned ticks are now being found in the United States. If a person or animal is bitten by this type of tick, they can become seriously ill. Photo by the Center for Disease Control.

Avoiding Ticks and Tickborne Disease
June 11 | Geology.com
deer tick
Ticks can transmit diseases such as Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. They are a danger to people who work or play outdoors. Image by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health / Center for Disease Control.

USGS Seismic Hazard Maps
June 10 | United States Geological Survey

USGS image.

Opalized Bones of a New Dinosaur Species
June 10 | Smithsonian.com
Opalized Wood
June 10 | Geology.com

Ladybug Bloom on National Weather Service Radar
June 10 | National Public Radio

Image from National Weather Service Radar.

The African Nation Built on Gold Loses Its Crown to a Rival
June 10 | Bloomberg
Across history, South Africa has produced more gold than the top ten producers combined and has been the leading producer of gold for over a century. It recently lost its "leading gold producer" status to Ghana, a small country on the west coast of Africa.
The Many Uses of Gold
June 10 | Geology.com

Uses of Gold in the United States: How gold was used in the United States in 2017, not including gold bullion: The main uses were in jewelry (38%) and electronics (34%). The minting of official coins accounted for 22% of the gold used, and 6% was for other uses. Data from USGS.

A Glut of Super-Light Crude in the Permian Basin
June 9 | Reuters
*Everyone Would Have Left*: Putting Lessons From Hurricane Michael To Work
June 9 | National Public Radio
Quaternary Fault and Fold Database of the United States
June 9 | United States Geological Survey

You will notice that lots of faults and folds are plotted in the western United States but few to none are plotted in the eastern United States. Instead, in the eastern United States region-size areas are crosshatched. The reason for this is the eastern United States has very few Quaternary faults that cut the surface.

Women in Oceanography Still Navigate Rough Seas
June 9 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Gulf Coast Oil Imports Fall to Lowest Level Since 1986
June 8 | Houston Chronicle
Four States Account for Over Half of U.S. Wind Electricity Generation
June 8 | U.S. Energy Information Administration

Angola Oil and Gas Report
June 8 | U.S. Energy Information Administration

Where is Angola?
June 8 | Geology.com
Where is Angola?
U.S. LNG Exports to Europe Increase as Demand from Asia Declines
June 7 | Energy Information Administration

Great Lakes Overflowing with Record Amounts of Water
June 7 | PennLive.com
USGS Earthquake Notification Service
June 7 | United States Geological Survey
A free service that can send you automated notification emails when earthquakes happen in your area.
USGS Volcano Notification Service
June 7 | United States Geological Survey
A free service that sends you notification emails about volcanic activity happening at US monitored volcanoes.
The *Great Dying* Nearly Erased Life On Earth. Scientists See Similarities To Today
June 7 | National Public Radio
A *Ladybug Bloom* on National Weather Service Radar?
June 7 | National Public Radio
Meet the Dinos of *Deep Time*
June 6 | Smithsonian.com
Unmanned Aircraft Used to *Sniff* Methane Gas Escaping from Thawing Permafrost
June 6 | United States Geological Survey

Scientific crew and drone operators. Left to right: Richard Kolyer (NASA), Jack McFarland (USGS), Kristen Manies (USGS), and Jonas Jonsson (NASA). USGS image by Kristen Manies.

The 2019 Atlantic Hurricane Season is Here, USGS is Ready
June 6 | United States Geological Survey

A screenshot of the USGS Coastal Change Hazards Portal showing erosion, overwash and inundation potentials along the east coast from Hurricane Florence.

Urgent Action on Climate Change Will Prevent Heat-Related Deaths in Major U.S. Cities
June 6 | University of Washington
U-Pb Ages of Zircon Inclusions in Sapphires and Implications for Geographic Origin
June 6 | Gemological Institute of America
The geographic origin of blue sapphire can significantly affect its value. Researchers are exploring the use of geochemistry, inclusions and zircon dating to assist in determining their geographic origin.
Ancient Dead Sea Microbes Consumed Each Other*s Corpses to Survive
June 6 | PBS
M4.3 Earthquake Near San Clemente Island Felt by Many in Southern California
June 5 | United States Geological Survey

Map by USGS.

On the Ground in Belize to Improve How Satellites *See* Water Quality from Space
June 5 | NASA Earth Observatory
water quality in Belize
Where Is Belize?
June 5 | Geology.com
where is Belize
Search for Dead Continues a Year After Guatemala Volcano Eruption
June 5 | Al Jazeera News
Where Is Guatemala?
June 5 | Geology.com
where is Guatemala?
Congress Hears Biodiversity Warning During a Charged Hearing
June 5 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Hiroshima Bomb Created Asteroid Impact - Like Glass
June 5 | EOS Earth & Space Science News
Moldavite: A Green Glass (and Gem Material) Formed by an Ancient Asteroid Impact
June 5 | Geology.com
Moldavite Through a Microscope: In this photograph you are looking into a faceted moldavite through its pavilion facets. The large dark rounded inclusion that looks like a doughnut is an air bubble trapped in the moldavite. The smaller, dark, rounded inclusions are smaller bubbles. The chaos of streaks and swirls that pass through this view are flow lines in the moldavite. These are evidence that the molten material which solidified to form this moldavite was in chaotic motion immediately before solidification.

The bubbles and flow lines are two of the three important microscopic characteristics needed to make a positive identification as "moldavite." The third characteristic for identification is inclusions of lechatelierite. The high-relief, lens-shaped features in the moldavite at top left, lower right, and lower center are probably lechatelierite; as is the high-relief snake-like feature in lower center. This specimen is most likely moldavite, but submission to a professional gem laboratory is needed for a positive identification.

Climate Wars Heat Up In Washington
June 5 | Science Friday
U.S. Hydrocarbon Gas Liquids Production Reaches 5 Million Barrels Per Day in 2018
June 5 | Energy Information Administration

Why Peru*s M8 Earthquake Was Damaging but Not Catastrophic
June 5 | Scientific American

Link to the USGS page for this earthquake.

Pipeline Protesters Could Face 20-Year Sentence Under Trump Plan
June 5 | Bloomberg
Strengthening the Energy Sector*s Cyber Preparedness
June 5 | Power
NOAA Makes an Unexpected Shipwreck Discovery in the Gulf of Mexico
June 4 | NOAA

Hydraulic Fracturing and Record Rig Counts Tax Water Resources in New Mexico*s Permian Basin
June 4 | Carlsbad Current Argus
U.S. Crude Output Rises 2.1% in March to Near Record High
June 4 | Reuters
NOAA Predicts a Near-Normal 2019 Atlantic Hurricane Season
June 4 | NOAA

Astronomers Worry That Elon Musk*s New Satellites Will Ruin The View
June 4 | National Pubic Radio