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Nusantara: A New Capital City in the Forest
NASA Earth Observatory

These two images show the progression of construction on Indonesia's future capital, Nusantara. The current capital, Jakarta, has numerous problems due to a rapidly growing population of over 30 million people. Residents experience gridlocked traffic, hazardous air pollution, and drinking water shortages. Additionally, excessive groundwater extraction has contributed to subsidence of the land, which has made the area more prone to flooding. The new capital will be located on the less-populated island of Borneo. NASA Earth Observatory images by Michala Garrison, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Where is Indonesia?

Indonesia is an archipelago located in southeastern Asia, between the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean.

The Career of a Marine Biologist
This article highlights the career of Dr. Dave Pawson, who has spent decades studying echinoderms (such as sea stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, and many others). In his work, he has participated in over 100 dives and traveled to many countries around the world.
USGS, Colorado School of Mines to Explore the Potential of Geologic Hydrogen
New Sanctions on Russian Diamonds Will Change the Global Trade in Gems
Which Countries Mine the Most Gem Diamonds?

Once centered in Africa, diamond mining now occurs in many countries throughout the world. In recent years, Russia, Canada and Botswana have been leading producers of mined diamonds.

Asteroid 2024 BX1: From a Dot of Light in the Sky to Rocks on the Ground
Sky and Telescope
M4.9 Earthquake, Near Smiths Ferry and Idaho - Oregon Border
United States Geological Survey

The earthquake occurred near the Idaho-Oregon border. Hundreds of people reported the earthquake to the USGS "Did You Feel It" program - which is the source of the map above.

Earthquake Shakes Idaho's Treasure Valley: The State's Largest Earthquake Since 2020
Idaho Press
Underwater Photographer Of The Year 2024 Winners
Underwater Photographer Of The Year
UPY has announced the winners of their annual underwater photography contest. This page shows more than 100 of the competition's amazing photos. Each clickable photo will take you to a page with a brief description by the photographer, the judge's comments, and a larger view of the photo.
The United States Has an Updated Map of Earthquake Hazards

Electricity Generation from Natural Gas
U.S. Energy Information Administration

The map above shows the percentage of natural gas generating capacity for different regions of the United States. We were surprised to see that Florida has the ability to produce 73% of their electricity with natural gas.

One of the World's Biggest Cities Might Be Just Months Away from Running Out of Water
Mexico City has 22 million residents. Low rainfall, high temperatures, too many people, and other issues are compounding their water shortage problems.
Scientists Have Discovered Three New Moons In Our Solar System
Quote from the article: "Scientists have discovered three new moons in the solar system, including two around Neptune and the smallest moon of Uranus found in over 20 years."
Mount Nemrut's Compelling Caldera
NASA Earth Observatory

Lakes and lava flows fill the depression atop this geologically young stratovolcano in eastern Turkey. The image is an astronaut photo from April 17, 2022, provided by the crew of the International Space Station and prepared for the internet by NASA Earth Observatory.

What is a Caldera? How Do Calderas Form?

Calderas are some of the most spectacular features on Earth. They are large volcanic craters that form by two different methods: 1) an explosive volcanic eruption; or, 2) collapse of surface rock into an empty magma chamber. The image above is a satellite view of Crater Lake, one of the world's most famous calderas. It was produced by Angela King of Geology.com using Landsat GeoCover data from NASA.

The Decimal Point Is 150 Years Older than Historians Thought
The earliest known use of decimal points is now from the 1440s, in astronomical tables compiled by Giovanni Bianchini, an Italian merchant and mathematician.
3,000-Year-Old Treasures Forged from Meteoritic Iron
Iron Meteorites: The Hearts of Long-Vanished Asteroids
Geoffrey Notkin's Meteorwritings

The specimen pictured above is a fantastic example of the Sikhote-Alin iron meteorite, which fell in eastern Russia in 1947. Photograph by Leigh Anne DelRay, copyright Aerolite Meteorites.

Cave Paintings in Patagonia Discovered to be Oldest Rock Art in South America
The Art Newspaper
"Rock art on the walls of a cave in southern Argentina is thought to be over 8,000 years old."
Cave of the Hands

Cave of the Hands is a series of caves in Argentina where ancient people painted on the walls thousands of years ago. Image copyright iStockphoto / edurivero.

Types of Rock Art: Petroglyphs and Pictographs

A petroglyph is an image that is carved into a rock. This "carving" can produce a visible indentation in the rock, or it can simply be the scratching away of a weathered surface to reveal unweathered material of a different color below. Image copyright iStockphoto / amygdala_imagery.

A pictograph is a drawing or painting that is created on a rock. It is not "carved" into the rock. Image copyright iStockphoto / Andrea Gingerich.

Meteor Streaks Over Skies from Virginia to New York
Lehigh Valley News

Video by Stephen Mathes, at Grand Island, New York, uploaded to the American Meteor Society website.

Why Curious (and Conscientious) Designers Are Going Straight to the Source for Their Gems
To make sure that the gems that they use in their designs are ethically mined, some designers are going to Africa and South America to source their gems.
U.S. Still Has No Rules for March 1 Diamond Sanctions
Customs and Border Protection is in charge of blocking: (1) rough diamonds mined in Russia, and, (2) polished diamonds of over one carat that were made from Russian rough, from entering the United States. This is to go into effect on March 1.
Badwater Basin Refills
NASA Earth Observatory

California's Death Valley is famous for being extremely hot and dry. People are surprised to see that an ephemeral lake has persisted in Badwater Basin for the past six months. NASA Earth Observatory images by Wanmei Liang, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Bedrock Mapping of Sedimentary Rocks in Wild and Wonderful West Virginia
American Geosciences Institute

In this webinar, Shadya El-Ashkar of the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, will discuss geologic mapping of sedimentary bedrock in West Virginia.

Early Career Webinar: Seafloor Mapping at the USGS
American Geosciences Institute
The webinar will be held on March 13, 2024 from 1:00 PM - 2:00 PM EDT.
A Tube of Nearly 4,000 Year-Old "Lipstick" Discovered in Iran
The "lipstick" was made from powdered hematite, manganite, braunite, galena, anglesite and plant-based waxes.
A Quasar that Swallows the Equivalent of One Sun Per Day
The Associated Press

The rapidly growing black hole which powers the quasar is thought to be over 17 billion times bigger than our sun. Quasar illustration by NASA, ESA, CSA, Joseph Olmsted (STScI).

Ancient Fossils Reveal Secrets of the Animal Kingdom
Some of the interesting fossils featured in this article include edrioasteroids (a relative of starfish), a mesolimulus (an aquatic arthropod), and the skull of Myotragus balearicus, the so-called "mouse goat".
How Venus Ended Up with a Mini-Moon Named Zoozve
Sky & Telescope
Anglo American Mulls Writing Down Value of De Beers
Wildfire: An Evolving Geohazard
Speaking of Geosciences Blog

Photo by the United States Forest Service

Groundwater Levels Are Dropping Around the World
EOS Science News
Land Movement Hazards in a Changing Climate
Speaking of Geosciences Blog
Landslides can occur anywhere with slopes as low as 5%. However, weather, soil type, vegetation and the actions of humans are important factors in determining where and when they occur.
Landslide Hazard Information

This image, by USGS, demonstrates names commonly used to refer to the parts of a landslide.

The East Coast Is Sinking *** Highly Recommended ***
Gift Article from the New York Times

The article has a map that allows the visitor to view regional patterns of subsidence along the U.S. eastern coastal zone -- from Boston to Miami (see snippet above). Many of these subsiding areas are highly populated, contain critical businesses, transportation routes and other infrastructure. Some of this land is barely above sealevel right now. (This map should not be considered to be an "areas that will be flooded map". Instead, it shows the regional pattern of subsidence, in centimeters per decade - indicated by colors.)

PACE Satellite will Study Aerosols
NASA Earth Observatory

"Aerosols" include dust, sea salt, smoke, and pollutants.

Iraq Oil and Gas Report
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Graph by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Where is Iraq?

Map by Geology.com.

How Rising Sea Level Is Drowning the Coastal Wetlands of Louisiana
Gift Article from the Washington Post

From the Landsat GeoCover 2000 satellite image map of Louisiana.

An Earthquake Caused Some Parts of Japan's Noto Peninsula to Rise Up to Four Meters
NASA Earth Observatory

The map above shows areas in Japan that were lifted by ground displacement of the earthquake. This shifted the position of the coastline in a seaward direction and left some ports dry. Map by Lauren Dauphen, story by Adam Voiland and Eric Fielding.

Meteorites from Asteroid 2024 Bx1 Recovered in Germany
The meteorites are thought to be aubrites, which are a very rare type of stone meteorite.
All About Meteors, Meteoroids, Fireballs and Meteorites

What Is a Fireball? A fireball is an unusually large and bright meteor. To be considered a fireball, the meteor must be at least as bright as Venus. This exceptional brightness is usually a result of a large meteoroid - possibly a few meters in diameter upon entering Earth's atmosphere. When fireballs occur over populated areas, they can generate a large amount of attention.

The Six Most Amazing Discoveries We've Made by Exploring Venus

Image credit: NASA/JPL.

Using Satellites to Monitor Natural Hazards in Nepal
NASA Earth Observatory
Quote from the article: "Cascading hazards (or 'multi-hazards') are events where one hazard triggers or increases vulnerability of a second hazard, such as a landslide that blocks a river and creates a flood. They pose a challenge to disaster managers since they can evolve quickly and the outcome can be difficult to predict."
Where is Nepal?

Map by Geology.com.

Locals Work to Save Mysterious Canadian Shipwreck
The people of Cape Ray, Newfoundland, Canada would like to determine the age and origin of the 100-foot-long shipwreck.
Pyritized Triceratops Fossils from South Dakota
Gemological Institute of America
The fossils were found in the Hell Creek Formation in South Dakota.
What Is Pyrite?

"Fool's gold" is a common nickname for pyrite. Pyrite received that nickname because it is worth virtually nothing, but has an appearance that "fools" people into believing that it is gold. Image by Carles Millan, used under a Creative Commons License.

Volcanic Eruption near Grindavik, Iceland
Earth Observatory

"After a lull in activity, fresh lava has once again poured from the Reykjanes peninsula in southwestern Iceland." NASA Earth Observatory image by Lauren Dauphin, using MODIS data from NASA EOSDIS LANCE and GIBS/Worldview. Story by Adam Voiland.

How Climate, Irrigation and Groundwater Flow Contribute to Salinity in a Watershed
United States Geological Survey

Salt deposits along the Paria River, UT. Photo by Olivia Miller, USGS.

Multilingual Earthquake Instructions
United States Geological Survey

Written in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, Russian, Chinese, Haitian Creole, and French, these handouts are useful for diverse communities around the U.S. with limited English proficiency. (The English document appears near the top of the page. Scroll down for documents in other languages.)

One Trillion Cicadas to Emerge this Spring
The dual emergence of Brood XIII and Brood XIX is an event that only happens once every 221 years. Quote from the article: "Though at least some of the cicadas will emerge across the Midwest and Southeast, members of both groups are expected to converge in parts of central Illinois and eastern Iowa."
Two New Shark Species Discovered From Fossils in Mammoth Cave National Park
National Park Service
Fossils from the prehistoric sharks, dubbed Troglocladodus trimblei and Glikmanius careforum, were found at Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky.
Gems Recovered from Sedimentary Rocks
Gemological Institute of America

Quote from the article: "The occurrences of gems in sedimentary rocks result from two different geological processes. Opal and turquoise, for example, can form in voids or empty spaces by precipitation from water or mineralized solutions, respectively. In contrast, other gems such as diamond and sapphire were weathered out of their original igneous or metamorphic host rocks and then carried away by erosion to be later trapped in sediments." The photo above shows a cabochon of matrix opal that was cut from limestone host rock in the Andamooka area of Australia.

M 4.8 Earthquake Near Mexico Border at El Centro
United States Geological Survey

The epicenter was located just north of the border between Mexico and the United States near El Centro, California. Did You Feel It? map by USGS.

Weakening of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
Gift Article from the Washington Post
This article explains why weakening of the AMOC is one of the planetary shifts scientists are most worried about.
M 4.6 Earthquake: Los Angeles Area
United States Geological Survey

The earthquake was felt by millions of people throughout the Los Angeles area. Did you feel it map by USGS.

M 5.7 Earthquake: Island of Hawaii
United States Geological Survey

The earthquake was felt across the Island of Hawaii and on other islands in the chain. Did you feel it map by USGS.

U.S. Confirms Russian Diamond Sanctions Will Start March 1
Read the brief letter from the Department of the Treasury here.
Venezuela Country Analysis Brief
Energy Information Administration
Quote from the article: "Several factors have severely hampered Venezuela's energy sector, most notably government mismanagement, international sanctions, and the country's economic crisis. These factors led to a lack of investment and maintenance in the energy sector and a deteriorating infrastructure."
A Texas Town's Misery Underscores the Impact of Bitcoin Mines Across the U.S.
Quote from the article: "Bitcoin mining is essentially a lifeline for fossil fuels... It's ultimately creating a new industrial-scale demand for energy at a time where we need to be reducing our energy use."
Uncovering the Secrets of Colombia's Rich Fossil Deposits

Ammonites: In the town of Villa de Leyva, Colombia, ammonite fossils are so abundant that they are "embedded in walls, floors and roads all across town."

Where is Colombia?

Map by Geology.com.

Saturn's 'Death Star' Moon has a Hidden Ocean Under its Surface, Scientists Say
ABC News

Image by NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute.

Getting in Big Trouble for Diverting a River by Hand?
A New Origin Story for Deadly Seattle Fault
Quote from the article: "The Seattle fault could generate something like a magnitude 7.2 earthquake, and we want to be prepared for it. There's still a lot to learn so that engineering geologists can do better earthquake simulations and understand the potential risks to our communities."
The Largest Dam Removal Project in U.S. History
Hurricanes Are Becoming So Strong that a New Category Is Needed
The Guardian
Wildfire: An Evolving Geohazard
Speaking of Geosciences Blog
Undisclosed Lab-Grown Colored Diamonds Infiltrating the Natural Diamond Supply Chain
Many of the undisclosed colored diamonds in the natural diamond supply chain are brown, yellow and pink.
All About Colored Diamonds

Colored diamonds are diamonds that have a noticeable bodycolor when viewed in the face-up position. Brown and yellow are the most common colors in natural colored diamonds. Diamonds with natural pink, blue, orange, green, red, and violet bodycolors are extremely rare. Images in the wonderful collection of colored diamonds shown above are used with permission of IBD Fancy Colors LLC.

This Medieval Sword Spent 1,000 Years at the Bottom of a Polish River
How the U.S. Became the World's Biggest Gas Supplier
Gift Article from the New York Times
New Satellite Will Help NASA Keep PACE with Earth Systems
EOS Science News

From the article: "On 6 February, NASA plans to launch a new satellite tasked with monitoring microbes in the ocean and aerosols in the atmosphere. The mission, called PACE (Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem), will improve scientists' understanding of the carbon cycle." Image taken by the Aqua satellite, courtesy of NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/Jeff Schmaltz/the MODIS Land Rapid Response Team.

Satellite Views of Phytoplankton Blooms in Oceans and Seas

Phytoplankton Bloom Off New Jersey: An unusual phytoplankton bloom occurred in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of New Jersey on July 6, 2016. This bloom received nutrients from a process known as "upwelling". Strong, persistent winds, blowing off the continent and towards the east, carried surface waters away from the coast. This brought cold, nutrient-rich waters up the continental slope to replace the waters that were blown out to sea. The result was a near-shore phytoplankton bloom. Similar blooms occur periodically along the Atlantic coast in the summer. This NASA satellite image was prepared by Jeff Schmaltz.

Oklahoma Rattled by Shallow, 5.1 Magnitude Earthquake
Associated Press
M 5.1 Earthquake in Oklahoma Felt by Thousands and in All Surrounding States
United States Geological Survey

Over 25,000 people visited the U.S.G.S. website and filed reports for their "Did you feel it?" map. (Shown above).

USGS: Maps and Photos of Monitoring Unrest at Kilauea
United States Geological Survey

From the article: "Kilauea volcano is not erupting. Seismicity along the Koa'e fault system southwest of the summit remains elevated, and deformation patterns in Kilauea's summit remains show signs of deflation. The intrusion of magma southwest of Kilauea's summit remains active. Left photo: a webcam and a thermal camera recording activity from Kilauea Summit. Right photo: USGS staff observe and document activity visible from the west rim of Kilauea Caldera.

Second Atmospheric River Blows into California, Knocking Out Power and Flooding Roads
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
What Is an Atmospheric River?
From the article: "A hydrologist explains the good, the bad and how they're changing."