Home » Geology News

Geology and Earth Science News


Low-Lying and Flood-Prone, Tampa Bay Area Braces for First Major Storm in a Century.
Gift Article from The Washington Post
What Is a Storm Surge?
Geology.com

Storm surge is one of the deadliest aspects of an approaching hurricane. NOAA has more information about hurricanes and hurricane safety at Hurricanes.gov.

What the Demise of Mammoths Can Teach Us About Future Extinctions
Smithsonian
The Double Asteroid Redirection Test
Smithsonian
Some Experts Say: Target Venus Not Mars for First Crewed Mission to Another Planet
The Guardian
A New Island Has Emerged Out of the Pacific Ocean at Home Reef - But It May Soon Disappear
National Public Radio

In the southwest Pacific Ocean, a seafloor ridge that stretches from New Zealand to Tonga has the highest density of underwater volcanoes in the world. On September 10, 2022, one of them awoke. In the days since, the Home Reef seamount in the Central Tonga Islands has repeatedly oozed lava, ejected plumes of steam and ash, discolored the surrounding water, and emerged as a small island - that might soon disappear from wave erosion. Image and caption by NASA Earth Observatory.

This Week: Jupiter Will Appear at the Biggest and Brightest that It Has Been in 59 Years
Gift Article from The Washington Post
Florida on Alert as Ian Strengthens into a Hurricane
Axios

Map of 50-knot wind speed probabilities for Hurricane Ian on Monday, September 26th at 4:00 PM eastern time. Map by the National Hurricane Center (click the map above to see an updated version).

The United States Exported Record Amounts of Petroleum Products in the First Half of 2022
Energy Information Administration

Graph by the Energy Information Administration.

The Natural Diamond Council Is Likely to Lose Almost Half Its Funding In 2023
JCK Online
The funding loss will be a result of ALROSA, the world's largest diamond mining company (on the basis of carat weight) based in Russia, leaving the organization.
Hurricane Ian Track Map
National Hurricane Center

Track map of Hurricane Ian by the National Hurricane Center as of Monday, September 26th, 2022. Click the map to see an updated version at the National Hurrican Center's website.

Ian Strengthens into a Hurricane as Florida Begins Evacuations and Cuba Braces for Possible Floods
NBC News
See Jupiter at Its Best in the Night Sky as it Nears Its Closest Point to Earth Since 1963
Space.com
Typhoon Noru Makes Landfall Near Manilla, Philippines, Work Suspended
Reuters
Hurricane Fiona Washes Away Canadian Homes and the Military Is Sent in for Cleanup
The Guardian
Extremely Rare 101-Carat Ruby Unveiled in Dubai
Khaleej Times
This ruby, believed to be the largest gem-quality ruby ever discovered, was found in Mozambique. Dubai is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates and the capital of the Emirate of Dubai.
Ruby and Sapphire: Gems of the Mineral Corundum
Geology.com

Ruby is the most desired variety of corundum. The red color is produced by trace amounts of chromium. These two beautiful rubies were mined in Madagascar. Although Asia has been the traditional source of gem corundum for over one thousand years, Africa is poised to become a new primary source.

Helicopter Video of Flooding in Italy During Mid-September
Guardian News on YouTube

What Caused Saturn's Rings and Tilt? Perhaps the Destruction of a Moon
Smithsonian

A view of Saturn from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captures exquisite details and tilt of the ring system - which looks like a phonograph record with grooves that represent detailed structure within the rings - and atmospheric details that once could only be captured by spacecraft visiting the distant world.

What Does a Petrologist Do?
Rock&Gem
In Chile's Desert Lie Vast Reserves of Lithium -- Key for Electric Car Batteries
National Public Radio
There's Trouble Bubbling Up in Newly Formed Alaskan Lakes
ScienceAlert
National Hurricane Center Forecasts Tropical Storm Ian Will Hit Florida as Category 3 Hurricane
WESH.com
Tropical Storm Ian Track Map
National Hurricane Center

Click the map above for the current track map at the National Hurricane Center.

Hurricane Fiona: Canada Braces for 'Historic, Extreme Event'
BBC News
On Saturday morning, September 24th, parts of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick are experiencing torrential rain and winds of up to 148 km/h (92 mph).
New Zealand's Mount Ruapehu
NASA Earth Observatory

At Mount Ruapehu, an acid lake at the summit of the volcano provides the main clues to what is happening below. The lake remains warm year round (15 to 45 degrees Celsius) and is highly acidic (with a pH of less than 1).
Astronauts May One Day Drink Water from Ancient Moon Volcanoes
CU Boulder Today
Active Volcanoes of Our Solar System
Geology.com

Volcanoes on Io: Io, a moon of Jupiter, is the most volcanically active body in our solar system. It has over 100 active volcanic centers, many of which have multiple active vents. Eruptions recurrently resurface large parts of the moon. NASA image.

The 10 Largest Gold Mines in the World, by Production
Mining.com
The Many Uses of Gold
Geology.com

The United States government currently mints coins from gold and other precious metals; however, they are intended for investment and collecting. They are not intended for use as legal tender.

What the Demise of Mammoths Can Teach Us About Future Extinctions
Smithsonian.com
Where the Colorado River Crisis Is Hitting Home
National Public Radio
Here's What Hurricane Fiona's Surf Looked Like, from Atop a 50-Foot Wave
Gift Article from the Washington Post
Ranchers' Rebellion: the Californians Breaking Water Rules in a Punishing Drought
The Guardian
Hurricane Fiona Approaches Nova Scotia and Newfoundland
National Hurricane Center

Map of Hurricane force wind speed probabilities for Fiona.

A New Island Has Formed at the Home Reef Seamount in the Central Tonga Islands
NASA Earth Observatory

In the southwest Pacific Ocean, a seafloor ridge that stretches from New Zealand to Tonga has the highest density of underwater volcanoes in the world. On September 10, 2022, one of them awoke. In the days since, the Home Reef seamount in the Central Tonga Islands has repeatedly oozed lava, ejected plumes of steam and ash, discolored the surrounding water, and emerged as a small island. Image and caption by NASA Earth Observatory.

Imports of LNG into the U.S. Reach Historic Lows in the First Half of 2022
Energy Information Administration

Graph by the Energy Information Administration.

What is LNG - Liquefied Natural Gas?
Geology.com
LNG carrier ship
An LNG carrier ship docked at the Bontang LNG liquefaction terminal in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The LNG is carried in the ship's four dome-shaped tanks. Image copyright iStockphoto / Mayumi Terao.
In 1931, Scientists Hunted Ghost Islands in the Arctic With a Zeppelin
Atlas Obscura
A Gnarly New Theory About Saturn's Rings
The Atlantic

A view of Saturn from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captures exquisite details of the ring system - which looks like a phonograph record with grooves that represent detailed structure within the rings - and atmospheric details that once could only be captured by spacecraft visiting the distant world.

Denmark Will Pay 'Loss and Damage' to Developing Countries for Climate Change Impacts
Smithsonian.com
M6.8 Earthquake - Michoachan, Mexico
United States Geological Survey

Map by the United States Geological Survey.

Yvon Chouinard Is the Founder of Patagonia. He's Also My 'Dirtbag' Friend.
The New York Times
This opinion piece by Tom Brokaw stands in contrast to many of the reader comments.
How a Quebec Lithium Mine May Help Make Electric Cars Affordable
The New York Times
Germany Nationalizes Energy Giant Uniper as Russia Squeezes Gas Supplies
CNBC.com
Serious Tropical Threat Could be Brewing for Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico
AccuWeather
Unraveling the Mystery of Tridymite on Mars
EOS Science News

A small borehole drilled into a bedrock surface on Mars by NASA's Curiosity Rover. The borehole is about 18 millimeters across. Image by NASA.

'Our World Is in Peril': At UN, Leaders Push for Solutions
Associated Press
Although recession, inflation, and war will be busy topics at the U.N. General Assembly's annual meeting of world leaders, energy, climate, water and many other Earth Science topics are of concern to every nation.
Typhoon Nanmadol: Mudslides, Flooding, and 145mph Winds Batter Japan
BBC
8 Million People Told to Evacuate as SuperTyphoon Nanmadol Hits Japan
Microsoft Start
Models Oversimplify How Melting Glaciers Deform Land
EOS Science News
Geology.com Has One of the Internet's Most Popular Map Collections
Geology.com
country maps United Kingdom Map Mexico Map Brazil Map Canada Map China Map Italy Map Russia Map Philippines Map
Geology.com has thousands of maps showing U.S. States, world countries, continents, geographic regions, political subdivisions and much more. Our collection of maps is viewed by thousands of people every day. Start here to browse our collections.

M 7.6 Earthquake On Mexico's Pacific Coast, Near Colima
United States Geological Survey

Intensity contour map by the United States Geological Survey.

The Fate of a Lake After a Dramatic Mining Disaster
EOS Science News
Summary from the article: "Researchers tracked long-term sediment dynamics in Quesnel Lake (British Columbia, Canada) following the 2014 failure of a dam that spilled record-breaking amounts of contaminated mining waste."
Simpler Presentations of Climate Change
EOS Science News

A NASA supercomputer model shows how greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide - a key driver of global warming - fluctuate in Earth's atmosphere throughout the year. Higher concentrations are shown in red. Image by NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio / NASA's Global Modeling and Assimilation Office.

Most of Puerto Rico Is Still Without Power as Fiona Reaches the Dominican Republic (Photos)
National Public Radio
As of 4:00 PM Eastern Time on Monday, September 19th, Fiona was tracking towards the Dominican Republic, Turks and Caicos, and The Bahamas and Bermuda.
Types of Rock Art: Petroglyphs and Pictographs
Geology.com

Petroglyphs on sandstone at Newspaper Rock in southwestern Utah. Image copyright iStockphoto / Jeremy Edwards.

Maharashtra: Ancient Stone Age Tools Found in India Cave
BBC News
Hurricane Fiona Floods Puerto Rico, Threatens Dominican Republic
Axios
Perseverance: NASA Mars Rover Collects 'Amazing' Rock Samples
BBC News
Typhoon Batters Western Japan with Record Rain, Killing Two
Reuters
Hurricane Fiona Leaves All of Puerto Rico Without Power
NBC News

Track map for Hurricane Fiona as of Sunday, September 18, 2022 at 7:30 eastern time. Map by the National Hurricane Center.

Hurricane Fiona: Key Message from the National Hurricane Center
National Hurricane Center
Strong Earthquake in Taiwan Destroys Buildings, Roads, Bridges, Traps People in Debris
National Public Radio
Citizen Videos from the Taiwan Earthquake
YouTube

Trapped Between the Global Financial System and Climate Disaster, Barbados Is Fighting to Find a Way Out.
The New York Times Magazine


Where Is Barbados?



Barbados is an island and a parliamentary republic located on the southeastern edge of the Caribbean Sea, in an archipelago known as the Windward Islands. Geology.com.
Evacuations and Widespread Flooding as a Massive Storm Batters Alaska Coastal Towns
CBS News
(Hypothetical) Planet 9: Why Visit It? How to Get There? Would It Surprise Us Like Pluto?
Phys.org

An artist's illustration of a possible ninth planet in our solar system, hovering at the edge of our solar system. Neptune's orbit is shown as a bright ring around the Sun. Credit: ESO/Tom Ruen/nagualdesign

China's Discovery of Lunar Mineral Could Add to Fuller View of the Moon
Gift Article from The New York Times
NASA Breakthrough as Rover Finds Strong Signal of Organic Matter on Mars
ScienceAlert
Fireball Seen Over the UK Confirmed as a Meteor After a Day of Confusion
The Guardian
Quote from the article: "The fireball was visible above northern England, Northern Ireland and Scotland as it blazed across the clear night sky..."
Criticism Intensifies After Big Oil Admits to 'Gaslighting' the Public Over Green Aims
The Guardian
You Can Help a Teacher in Illinois Enhance Student Learning in Earth Science
DonorsChoose
A quote from the proposal: "I would like to supplement my students learning experience by physically testing various rocks and minerals. This will enable my students to use more of their senses to learn about this topic. Students will also use their cooperative learning skills in a small group setting to identify these rocks and minerals."
M 6.5 Earthquake on the Eastern Coast of Taiwan
United States Geological Survey

This earthquake occurred at a depth of 96 kilometers on the eastern coast of Taiwan. The map only shows a few intensity reports near the epicenter because the eastern side of Taiwan is sparsely populated compared to the western side of Taiwan.

The Landscape at Mount St. Helens Is Starting to Give Back What It Covered in the 1980's
MyNorthWest.com
Strongest Storm in Decades Set to Barrel into Alaska
Gift Article from the Washington Post
A 'Historically Powerful' Storm Brings Seas of Up to 54 Feet Toward Alaska
National Public Radio
Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic Brace for Tropical Storm Fiona
ABC News
A Waste Dam Collapse at a South African Mine Kills at Least 3 and Causes Extensive Flooding
Bloomberg
Crater of Diamonds Celebrates Historic Milestone after 35,000th Diamond Discovered
KATV.com
Crater of Diamonds: The Only Diamond Mine In the World Where You Can Be the Miner
Geology.com

Diamonds Found at the Mine: This small handful of diamonds was found at Crater of Diamonds State Park. Yellow, brown and "white" diamonds are all found regularly at the park. Many have a rounded octahedral or a rounded dodecahedral crystal habit. Image courtesy of Arkansas.com.

A Glimpse Into the Deepest Parts of the Fagradalsfjall Volcanic System
Nature

Aerial image of fissure eruptions and lava flows at Fagradalsfjall. Public domain photograph by the Public Safety Department, National Police of Iceland.

Rapid Shifting of a Deep Magmatic Source at Fagradalsfjall Volcano, Iceland
Nature
Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands on Alert as Tropical Storm Fiona Strengthens
AccuWeather
World On the Brink of Five "Disasterous" Climate Tipping Points
The Guardian
More Natural Gas Rigs Are Now Operating in the U.S. than Before the Pandemic
Energy Information Administration

Graph by the Energy Information Administration.

NASA's Asteroid-Slamming DART Spacecraft Catches First Glimpse of the Target
Space.com
This is an experiment to determine if the impact of a spacecraft with an asteroid delivers enough force to change the trajectory of the asteroid. This experiment is being done because hitting an asteroid with an impactor has been proposed as a method of defending Earth from a collision-course asteroid.
Everything You Need To Know About NASA Crashing A Spacecraft Into An Asteroid
IFL Science
This Should Be the Absolute Peak of Hurricane Season -- But It's Dead Quiet Out There
arstechnica.com
2022 Hurricane Season: Does a Quiet Start Mean a Quiet End?
Canadian Underwriter
Stones Polished in a Rock Tumbler
RockTumbler.com

Stones that have been rounded and polished in a rock tumbler are known as "tumbled stones". The most commonly tumbled stones are agates, jaspers, petrified wood, tiger's eye, and varieties of quartz. Geology.com and RockTumbler.com are both GeoShops.com websites.

Tribes Say North Dakota Is Tampering with Mineral Royalties
ABC News
What Are Mineral Rights?
Geology.com

"Mineral Rights" entitle a person or organization to explore and produce the rocks, minerals, oil and gas found at or below the surface of a tract of land. It is also possible to sell the rights to a specific rock unit (such as a specific seam of coal) or sell the rights to a specific mineral commodity (such as limestone).

Yellow Sapphires with Unstable Color
Gemological Institute of America
See the Best View Yet of the Orion Nebula
Smithsonian.com

The Orion Nebula from data collected by the James Webb telescope. Image by NASA.

Tourism Is Sucking Utah Dry. Now It Faces a Choice - Growth or Survival?
The Guardian
From the article: "Utah already has the highest per-capita water usage in the country"... and... "the cheapest water in the country".
A Hexagonal Form of Diamond Found in Ureilite Meteorites
EurekAlert
U.N. Warns: The World Is Entering "Uncharted Territories of Destruction" From Climate Crisis
CNBC
100 Years Later, the Colorado River Compact Hits a Crisis Point
Associated Press
China Discovers a New Mineral in a Regolith Sample Brought Back from the Moon
Space.com

A prismatic crystal of Changesite-(Y), a previously unknown phosphate mineral, recovered from a sample of lunar regolith. The material was brought back from the moon by China's Chang'e 5 lunar mission. Scientists at the Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology discovered the crystal. Photo by BRIUG.