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USGS Says Mauna Loa Lava Is Still Moving Slowly Towards Saddle Road
KHON2 News on YouTube

A Surprising Amount of Magma Is Under Yellowstone's Supervolcano
Smithsonian.com
Scientists Revive 48,500-Year-Old Virus, Setting World Record
Smithsonian.com
Casamicciola: Drone Footage of the Deadly Landslide at Ischia in Italy
The Landslide Blog
Quote from the article: "Ischia is a volcanic island with steep slopes. Landslides have occurred on many previous occasions, and the risk has been greatly exacerbated by unplanned urban development in locations that are simply inappropriate."
What Is Lake-Effect Snow?
Atlas Obscura
Map of the Great Lakes
Geology.com

Political Map of the Great Lakes Region showing the U.S. states and Canadian provinces that border the lakes. The international boundary between the United States and Canada is shown as a white dashed line through the lakes.

A Line of Ash from Sangay
NASA Earth Observatory

November brought a new round of explosions, volcanic tremors, and gas and steam emissions from Sangay, the most active volcano in Ecuador.



Where Is Ecuador?



Map by Geology.com.
Mauna Loa, the Largest Active Volcano is Erupting. Here's Why and What Happens Next
The Washington Post
We've Reached the End of a Bizarre Atlantic Hurricane Season
Ars Technica
Archaeologists in Norway May Have Found a 700-Year-Old Shipwreck
Smithsonian.com
Types of Lava: Pele's Hair and Pele's Tears
Geology.com

"Pele's Hair" is the name given to hair-like strands of volcanic glass that are stretched from still-molten masses of lava as they are launched or fall through the air at a lava fountain, a lava cascade, or a spatter cone.

Pele's hair is blown by the wind and usually accumulates in front of and behind obstacles to the wind. Here piles of Pele's hair have accumulated along a curb in a parking lot. This hair was fallout from a plume that rose from the Halema'uma'u crater. Photo by the United States Geological Survey.

GIA To Offer Cheaper, Sparser Lab-Grown Diamond Reports
JCK Online

Natural Gas Production and Consumption Has Increased in Egypt and Israel for 20 Years
Energy Information Administration

Natural gas has played an increasingly important role in the economy of both Egypt and Israel over the past 20 years, and their natural gas delivery systems have become increasingly interdependent.

On the Edge of Retreat
Gift Article from the Washington Post
From the article: "An island community moved to the mainland. Now the fast-rising sea is following - a warning for the rest of the East Coast."
'Planet Killer' Asteroid Spotted That Poses Distant Risk to Earth
Gift Article from The New York Times
Mauna Loa Volcano Roars Back to Life
ABC News on YouTube

Volcanic Ash - The Product of a Volcano that Is Often Underestimated
Geology.com

Volcanic ash on cars at Clark Air Base in the Philippines after the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo. This parking lot is about 25 kilometers east of the eruption and received about 9 centimeters of ash. USGS image by R.P. Hoblitt.

Two Minerals Never Before Seen on Earth Found Inside 17-Ton Meteorite
LiveScience
Scientists Unearth a Prehistoric Marine Turtle the Size of a Car
Smithsonian.com
A Line of Ash from Sangay
NASA Earth Observatory

November brought a new round of explosions, volcanic tremors, and gas and steam emissions from Sangay, the most active volcano in Ecuador.

Archaeologists Unearth 2,000-Year-Old Odeon in Crete
Smithsonian.com
An "odeon" is a open-air amphitheater-like structure that was used for the presentation of lectures, music and plays.


Where Is Crete?



Crete is an island off the southern coast of Greece. It is located between the Sea of Crete and the Mediterranean Sea. Map by Geology.com.
Long Stretches of the Mississippi River Have Run Dry. What's Next?
Gift Article from The New York Times
Landslide in Southern Italy: Five Bodies Found as Rescue Work Continues
BBC News
Rubaya: At Least 32 People Killed in Landslides in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The Landslide Blog


Where Is the Democratic Republic of Congo?



Map by Geology.com.
Mauna Loa In A State of Heightened Unrest
United States Geological Survey
Mauna Loa, the world's largest active volcano, is not erupting and there are no signs of an imminent eruption at this time. The volcano continues to be in a state of heightened unrest as indicated by increased earthquake activity and inflation of the summit. The current unrest is most likely being driven by renewed input of magma 2 to 5 miles (3 to 8 km) beneath Mauna Loa's summit.
What Are the USGS Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes?
United States Geological Survey

Icons for the ground-based Volcano Alert Level and Aviation Color Code. Right now in Hawaii and American Samoa, Kilauea is erupting and is at WATCH/ORANGE, Mauna Loa is in elevated unrest and is at ADVISORY/YELLOW, and the remaining six monitored volcanoes are at NORMAL/GREEN. An additional resource for Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes is the USGS Fact Sheet FS2006-3139.

High Resolution Planet Labs Images of the Kusiong Landslides in the Philippines
The Landslide Blog
Diamond Diggers in South Africa's Deserted Mines Break the Law -- And Risk Their Lives
National Public Radio
Diamond Mines in the United States
Geology.com

A photograph of several diamonds found at the Crater of Diamonds State Park, near Murfreesboro, Arkansas. These diamonds were probably nicely formed crystals when they were in the Earth's mantle. Their shapes were modified by corrosive fluids during their rapid ascent to Earth's surface. Photo used with permission of Crater of Diamonds State Park.

Crater of Diamonds: The Only Diamond Mine In the World Where You Can Be the Miner
Geology.com

Diamonds Found at the Mine: This small handful of diamonds was found at Crater of Diamonds State Park. Yellow, brown and "white" diamonds are all found regularly at the park. Many have a rounded octahedral or a rounded dodecahedral crystal habit. Image courtesy of Arkansas.com.

James Webb Space Telescope Finds an Exoplanet Atmosphere as Never Seen Before
NASA

The James Webb Space Telescope has produced a full menu of atoms, molecules, and even signs of active chemistry and clouds. Image by NASA.

What Are Exoplanets?
NASA

Are We Entering The Golden Age Of Climate Modeling?
EOS Science News
These Five Innovative Rovers Will Soon Explore the Moon
Smithsonian
Drought Reveals Rare American Lion Fossil in Dried-Up Mississippi River
Smithsonian
One of the Largest Wind Farms in the United States Was Completed in Oklahoma Last Spring
Energy Information Administration

Map by the Energy Information Administration.

Geoscience Enrollment and Degrees Continue to Decline Through 2021
American Geosciences Institute

Graph of geoscience enrollment from 1955 through 2021 and undergraduate and graduate levels.

At Least 162 Killed and 700 Hurt as Earthquake Hits Indonesia's Java Island
NBC News
Deadly M 5.6 Earthquake Strikes the Island of Java, Indonesia
United States Geological Survey

Map by the United States Geological Survey.

Christie's Pulls T. Rex From Auction, Citing Need for 'Further Study'
Gift Article from The New York Times
Auctioneers hoped that the fossil would fetch at least $15 million. But, questions about how many replica bones are in the fossil and how the lot was described have resulted in the fossil being withdrawn from the sale.
NASA's Perseverance Rover Investigates Intriguing Martian Bedrock
NASA

NASA's Perseverance Mars rover has begun exploring an area the science team calls "Yori Pass" near the base of Jezero Crater's ancient river delta. The feature is so tantalizing to the scientists because it is sandstone, which is composed of fine grains that have been carried from elsewhere by water before settling and forming stone.

Russia's Shivulech Volcano Begins To Erupt
Radio Free Europe
New Rules Could Slash 36 Million Tons of Methane by 2030
Smithsonian.com
Earth Had Its 4th-Warmest October on Record
NOAA
Meteorites May Have Brought Water to Earth and Mars
Smithsonian.com
From the article page: Two new studies suggest that rare, carbon-containing rocks could have created conditions suitable for life on both planets.
What Are Meteorites?
Geology.com

A fine example of a Sikhote-Alin iron meteorite, weighing 409.9 grams, which was seen to fall in eastern Russia in February of 1947. This meteorite is described as an individual, as it is a complete mass (rather than an exploded shrapnel fragment) which fell to earth on its own. Note the abundant overlapping regmaglypts (thumbprints) caused by surface melting as the meteorite flew through our atmosphere. Regmaglypts are one of the key surface features used to identify meteorites. Photo copyright Aerolite Meteorites / Geoffrey Notkin.

The Mysterious Comets That Hide in the Asteroid Belt
Gift Article from The New York Times
The "Black Gold" Flowing Under Los Angeles
EOS Science News
Many people don't realize that there are working (and formerly working) oil derricks - hidden behind clever facades - scattered among commercial buildings in a small area of Los Angeles.
Iran Energy Report
Energy Information Administration

Quote (with minor modifications) from the article: Iran was the fifth-largest crude oil producer in OPEC in 2021 and the third-largest natural gas producer in the world in 2020. Iran holds some of the world's largest deposits of proved oil and natural gas, ranking as the world's third-largest oil and second-largest natural gas reserve holder in 2021. Despite its abundant reserves, Iran's crude oil production has fallen since 2017 because the oil sector has been subject to underinvestment and international sanctions for several years. Graph by the Energy Information Administration.

Can't Go to the Moon? This Crater in Canada is the Next Best Thing.
Gift Article from The Washington Post
The Mistastin crater is underlain by anorthosite, a white igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase feldspar, that makes up much of the moon's surface.
The Violent Formation of Mistastin Lake
NASA Earth Observatory

The lake covers part of a crater where an asteroid slammed into Labrador, Canada.

Plagioclase: A Group of Feldspar Minerals Common in Igneous Rocks
Geology.com

Feldspar Classification: This diagram shows how feldspar minerals are classified on the basis of their chemical composition. The sequence of minerals along the base of the triangle represents the solid solution series of plagioclase between albite and anorthite.

Up to 50 Earthquakes Per Day Being Reported Beneath Mauna Loa Summit
Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
Mauna Loa is not erupting and there are no signs of an imminent eruption at this time. Heightened unrest began in mid-September 2022 with increased earthquake rates below Mauna Loa summit (from 10-20 per day to 40-50 per day), an increased rate of inflation recorded by GPS stations, and inflation recorded on the MOK tiltmeter. The unrest is likely caused by renewed input of magma into Mauna Loa's summit reservoir system.
Arctic Cyclones to Intensify as Climate Warms
NASA Earth Observatory

Quote from the article: "Scientists project that sea ice loss and rapidly warming temperatures will cause storms in the far north to intensify by the end of this century." Maps by NASA Earth Observatory.

Where Is the Arctic? What Is Its Southern Boundary?
Geology.com

Boundaries of the Arctic: This map shows the three boundaries commonly used to define the southern geographic extent of the Arctic: 1) the Arctic Circle (shown as a dashed blue line); 2) the area where the average temperature of the warmest month is less than ten degrees Celsius (shown as a solid red line); and, 3) the Arctic treeline (shown as a solid green line). Public domain image from the CIA Factbook, treeline added by the National Snow and Ice Data Center.

India Energy Report
Energy Information Administration

India was the third-largest energy consumer in the world after China and the United States in 2021 and the second-most populous country, with 1.4 billion people. India's energy needs continue to grow as a result of population growth and modernization.

Residential Heating Oil Prices Are Up
Energy Information Administration

Graph by the Energy Information Administration.

'Polar Preet' Sets Out to Become the First Woman to Cross Antarctica Solo and Unsupported
Smithsonian
Quote from the article: "After setting a record as the first woman of color to reach the South Pole unsupported last year, Preet Chandi is now tackling a 1,100-mile challenge."
Map of Antarctica
Geology.com

Map of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean produced by the Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica Project. It shows the topography of Antarctica (as blue lines), research stations of the United States and the United Kingdom (in red text), ice-free rock areas (in brown), ice shelves (in gray) and names of the major ocean water bodies (in blue uppercase text).

M 5.4 Earthquake Shakes West Texas and Southeastern New Mexico
United States Geological Survey

The earthquake was felt by many people in western Texas and southeastern New Mexico. Map by the United States Geological Survey.

How, In 1604, a Supernova Presented a Challenge to Astronomers
Smithsonian
Quote from the article: "The supernova provided proof to Galileo, Kepler and others that the heavens were not fixed - although they were wrong about what caused the bright star."
A Massive Freshwater River Is Flowing Under Antarctica's Ice
Smithsonian
Microsoft, Meta and Other Large Internet Companies Face Rising Drought Risk
CNBC.com
Some of their data centers use up to 300,000 gallons of water per day for cooling - and are located in areas where drought restrictions are possible.
Where to See Up-to-Date Drought Monitor Maps
U.S. Drought Monitor

U.S. Drought Monitor publishes updated drought maps every Thursday morning at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time.

Scientists Discover Significant Critical Minerals Potential in Northern Maine
United States Geological Survey
Recently Discovered Trachyte-Hosted Rare Earth Element Nb-Zr Occurrence in Northern Maine
GeoscienceWorld.org
Reaching New Levels in Groundwater Monitoring
EOS Science News
Quote from the article: "As regions around the world face record-breaking droughts, researchers are using seismology to track groundwater levels and show that sustainable policies reduce strain on aquifers."
Biden Takes Aim at Methane Emissions with New Rules on the Oil and Gas Industry
NBC News
Methane 'Super-Emitters' Mapped by NASA's New Earth Space Mission
NASA

This image shows a methane plume 2 miles (3 kilometers) long that NASA detected southeast of Carlsbad, New Mexico. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas that is much more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide. Image by NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Saint-Louis Is Being Swallowed by the Sea. Residents Are Bracing for a New Reality
National Public Radio
This isn't the St. Louis in the United States. This city is in Senegal - on the western coast of Africa.
Clips from News Videos about Tropical Storm / Hurricane Nicole
WFTV CHannel 9 on YouTube

Fossil Hunters Uncover 71-Million-Year-Old Trove in Antarctica
Smithsonian.com
Archaeologists Discover 4,300-Foot-Long Tunnel Under Ancient Egyptian Temple
Smithsonian.com
Jordan Is Running Out of Water, a Grim Glimpse of the Future
Gift Article from the New York Times
Where is Jordan?
Geology.com

Jordan is located in the Middle East. It is bordered by Israel and the West Bank to the west, Syria to the north, and Saudi Arabia and Iraq to the east.

Tropical Storm Nicole Likely to Have a Significant Impact on Beaches in FL, GA, and SC
United States Geological Survey
Tropical Storm Nicole Approaches a Florida Landfall - Potentially as a Category 1 Hurricane
National Hurricane Center

Map by the National Hurricane Center on Wednesday, November 9th at 4:30 PM.

Advances in Technology Led to Record New Well Productivity in the Permian Basin in 2021
Energy Information Administration

Graph by the Energy Information Administration.

What Is the "Kimberley Process?"
Geology.com

The "Kimberley Process" is a procedure that requires each diamond-exporting nation to certify that all rough diamond exports are produced through legitimate mining and sales activity. (An organization of diamond-exporting nations that administer the certification is also referred to as "The Kimberley Process"). All exported rough is supposed to be accompanied by certificates stating that the diamonds were produced, sold, and exported through legitimate channels. Photo of a diamond miner hand-processing stream gravel in a search for diamonds. Photo by USAid.gov.

Kimberley Process is Divided Over Russia
JCK Online
Russia is the world's largest producer and exporter of gem-quality diamonds on the basis of carat weight. The company that produces almost all of these diamonds, ALROSA, is 1/3 owned by the Russian government. This produces a conundrum for member nations because many of them want the Kimberley Process to take action against Russia. However, the import and processing of diamonds and diamond jewelry are important industries in many of the countries. No action was taken against Russia or Russian diamonds at a recent Kimberley Process meeting.
Which Countries Mine the Most Gem Diamonds?
Geology.com

Once centered in Africa, diamond mining now occurs in many countries throughout the world. In recent years, Russia, Canada and Botswana have been leading producers of mined diamonds.

The Race to Document Prehistoric Art in a Coastal Cave in France
Atlas Obscura
Italy Earthquake Felt in Several Countries
BBC News
The earthquake was felt in Italy, Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
M 5.6 Earthquake in the Adriatic Sea, off the Coast of Marotta, Italy
United States Geological Survey

Map by the United States Geological Survey.

Where Is the Adriatic Sea?
Geology.com

Apply for the GSA-USGS Congressional Science Fellowship
The Geological Society of America
The 2023-2024 GSA-USGS Fellow will receive a stipend of $72,000 plus allowances for health insurance, relocation, and travel in connection with the fellowship. The period of the fellowship is from September 2023 through August 2024. The application deadline is 15 January 2023.
U.S. Natural Gas Spot Prices Expected to Average Above $6.00/MMBtu This Winter
Energy Information Administration

Graph by the Energy Information Administration.

The World Is Falling Short of Its Climate Goals. Four Big Emitters Show Why.
Gift Article from The New York Times
Florida Expects a Rare November Hurricane Strike from Tropical Storm Nicole
AccuWeather
Track Map for Tropical Storm / Hurricane Nicole
National Hurricane Center

Map by the National Hurricane Center.

National Park Service Says: Don't Lick This Toad
Smithsonian
Quote from the article: "Some Sonoran Desert toads secrete a psychedelic toxin strong enough to kill a full-grown dog." But, you know how some people can't resists doing things that even the National Park Service warns about.
One-Third of Iconic World Heritage Glaciers Will Melt by 2050
Smithsonian
Scientists Find Plaster Copies of Fossil Destroyed by Nazis
Smithsonian
Quote from the article: "Two casts of the first complete ichthyosaur skeleton ever unearthed were hidden in museum collections in Berlin and Connecticut."
Nearly 25% of Operating U.S. Coal-Fired Power Plants Scheduled for Retirement by 2029
Energy Information Administration

Graphs by the Energy Information Administration.

That Plastic You Put in a Blue Bin Might Go to a Landfill
Smithsonian.com
Quote from the article: "Of the 51 million tons of plastic produced by American households last year, only about 2.4 million tons were recycled."
A New Issue of Lite Geology (of New Mexico) Is Available
New Mexico Bureau of Geology & Mineral Resources
Article topics include
-- Rare Earth Elements
-- Fieldwork as a Tool for Assessing Ground Water Resources
-- Geophysical Fieldwork
-- Geologic Mapping
-- What's In Your Backpack

Why Was Finding a Mile-Wide Near-Earth Asteroid So Tough?
NBC2 News on YouTube

Wander Through a 2,200-Foot-Long Tunnel Beneath Niagara Falls
Smithsonian.com
Florida Teen Wins $10,000 for Hunting Invasive Pythons
Smithsonian
How effective are these predators? "Between 1997 and 2012, raccoon populations dropped 99.3 percent, opossums plummeted 98.9 percent and bobcats declined 87.5 percent... ...marsh rabbits, cottontail rabbits and foxes virtually disappeared."
Finally, the Feds May Force Action to Save the Colorado River. What If It Comes Too Late?
AZ Central