Home » Minerals
What Are Minerals?
Minerals are materials that meet five requirements. They are: 1) naturally occurring, 2) inorganic, 3) solids, 4) with a definite chemical composition, and, 5) an ordered internal structure.
|Dig for Gems at dozens of sites across the United States. Keep what you find at most locations.|
Fireworks & Minerals
The Science of Fireworks Learn how the colors and shapes are created.
Don*t Go To Jail
Mineral collectors must know the rules for removing specimens from public and private property.
Tumbled Stones are rocks that have been rounded, smoothed and polished in a rock tumbler.
Grape Agate is a popular mineral specimen with the color and the shape of a bunch of grapes.
Rock Tumblers - All about rock tumblers and rock tumbling. Read before you buy a tumbler.
Rock and Mineral Kits
Rock and Mineral Kits The most effective way to learn about rocks and minerals.
Quartz is the most abundant mineral in the crust. It has many useful properties.
Hardness Picks - Test for hardness with precise and easy-to-use hardness picks.
What Is Benitoite? A rare mineral and the State Gem of California - USGS report from 1911.
Diopside - Gem material, ornamental stone, diamond indicator, industrial mineral.
Fool*s Gold is a name used for pyrite when its brassy color fools people looking for gold.
Topaz is a mineral best known as a durable gemstone and its use in Mohs Hardness Scale.
Rhodochrosite - a manganese mineral used as an ore, a pink gem and an ornamental stone.
Hemimorphite is an ore of zinc that can often be cut into gems with spectacular blue color.
Copper is a metal used in coins, electronics, pipes, wiring, motors, alloys and many other products.
Fluorescent Minerals glow with spectacular colors under ultraviolet light.
Garnet is best known as a red gemstone. It occurs in any color and has many industrial uses.
Diamond: The Mineral
Diamond is a mineral with unique properties and many gem and industrial uses!
Vanadinite is an important ore of vanadium and a minor source of lead.
What Are Minerals?
Minerals are the building blocks of our society. We use items made with them every day.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral with industrial, agricultural, medical and many other uses.
Kyanite is a metamorphic mineral used to make porcelain, abrasive products and gems.
Charoite is a purple silicate mineral, found only in Russia, used as a gem material.
Olivine - Abundant in Earth*s mantle. A constituent of meteorites. The gem peridot.
Tourmaline - the most colorful mineral and natural gem material on Earth.
Sugilite is a rare mineral and a gemstone best known for its vibrant pink to purple color.
Diamonds from Coal?
Diamonds Do Not Form From Coal That is one of the biggest misconceptions in science.
Ilmenite - The primary ore of titanium and source of most titanium dioxide.
Azurite - Used as an ore of copper, a pigment, ornamental stone and gem material.
Mohs Hardness Scale is a set of reference minerals used for classroom hardness testing.
Herkimer Diamonds Doubly-terminated quartz crystals used as specimens and gems.
Smithsonite is a zinc carbonate mineral, an ore of zinc, and a minor gemstone.
What Is Luster? Luster is the light-reflecting characteristics of a mineral specimen.
Rhodonite - a manganese silicate used as a minor ore of manganese and as a gemstone.
Corundum is the third hardest mineral. It is also the mineral of ruby and sapphire.
Magnesite is a carbonate mineral used for chemicals, fire bricks, magnesium metal and more.
Lepidolite is a pink to purple mica used as an ore of lithium and as a gem material.
Mineraloids are amorphous naturally-occurring inorganic solids that lack crystallinity.
Andalusite is a metamorphic mineral and a strongly pleochroic gem material.
Cinnabar - the only important ore of mercury. Used in pigments until its toxicity was realized.
Hematite - the most important source of iron ore and mineral pigment since prehistory.
Variscite is a yellowish green to bluish green mineral. It is similar to turquoise and cut as a gem.
The Acid Test
The Acid Test Geologists use dilute hydrochloric acid to identify carbonate minerals.
Zircon is the primary ore of zirconium and a gemstone that is available in many colors.
Serpentine - metamorphic rocks used in construction, architecture and lapidary work.
The Streak Test is a method to determine the color of a mineral in powdered form.
Spodumene is a pegmatite mineral, an ore of lithium and sometimes a gemstone.
Tucson Mineral Show
Tucson Gem & Mineral Show Photos from the largest gem and mineral show.
Gifts That Rock
Gifts That Rock - What are the most popular gift items in the Geology.com store?
Is Water a Mineral?
Are Water and Ice Minerals? Comparing their properties with the definition of a mineral.
Chalcopyrite - The most important ore of copper for over five thousand years.
Geology Dictionary - contains thousands of geological terms with their definitions.
Molybdenite is the primary ore of molybdenum which is used in superalloys and as a lubricant.
Crystal Habit is the external shape displayed by a crystal or an aggregate of crystals.
Gold Panning Kits
Gold Pans and Panning Kits - classifiers, snuffer bottles. Learn how to pan for gold!
Rock-Forming Minerals - most of Earth*s crust is made-up of a small number of minerals.
Rare Earth Elements
Rare Earth Elements are used in cell phones, DVDs, batteries, magnets & many other products.
Geology Tools - Rock hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, hardness picks, gold pans.
Uses of Talc
Talc is a soft mineral used in cosmetics, paper, paint, ceramics and many other products.
Rutile - an ore of titanium; a source of titanium oxide; causes stars and eyes in gems.
Olivine Rain Spitzer Telescope discovered a rain of olivine crystals on protostar HOPS-68.
United States Gemstones Small mines in the U.S. produce a diversity of gemstones.
Uses of Gold
Gold has unique properties that make it one of the most useful minerals.
Limonite - an amorphous iron oxide. An ore of iron and a pigment since prehistory.
Mineral Rights - Who owns the minerals under your land? Who wants to buy them?
How Do Snowflakes Form? They start as tiny crystals. Some grow on the way down.
Minerals in Colored Glass - Minerals are what produce the color in colored glass.
Uses of Silver
Uses of Silver Most people think of jewelry and coins, but silver\'s primary use is industrial.
Hand Lens A 10-power folding magnifier in a metal case. A frequently used lab and field tool.
Abandoned Mine Accidents kill several people every year. Education can prevent deaths.
Pyroxenes are a group of chain silicate minerals found in igneous and metamorphic rocks.
Triboluminescence is flash produced when a mineral is rubbed, scratched or broken.
Denver Mineral Show
Denver Gem and Mineral Show - Photos and comments about this incredible show.