Home » Gemstones
Spectacular Diamonds have an exceptional size, color, clarity, crystal form or other property.
100+ Gems - Photos of over 100 beautiful gems ranging from the popular to the obscure.
Gem Mineral Collections are a great way to learn about gem materials. Get yours.
Ruby and Sapphire
Ruby and Sapphire are the 2nd and 3rd most popular colored stones in the United States.
Amethyst - the most popular purple gem. It has a beautiful color and reasonable price.
All About Diamonds
Diamond A collection of photos, articles, facts, maps and graphs about diamonds.
Emerald is the most popular green gemstone in the United States and most of the world.
Pictures of Opal A collection of different types of opal from all around the world and Mars too!
Topaz is a popular birthstone and the #8 mineral in the Mohs Hardness Scale.
Green Gemstones - emerald, peridot, jade, tsavorite, chrome diopside, chrysoprase, more.
United States Gemstones Small mines in the U.S. produce a diversity of gemstones.
Blood Diamonds Illegally-traded diamonds that may have been stolen or used to fund conflict.
Gems from Space
Extraterrestrial Gems A number of materials from space are used as attractive gems.
Labradorite is a feldspar gem that can produce bright flashes of iridescent color.
Variscite is a yellowish green to bluish green mineral. It is similar to turquoise and cut as a gem.
Geology of Gems
Geology of Gems - The first comprehensive book on the geology of gem deposits.
Garnet is best known as a red gemstone. It occurs in any color and has many industrial uses.
Turquoise A blue to bluish- green gem material that has been used for over 6000 years.
Blue Gemstones - Most people shopping for a colored stone are looking for something blue.
Tanzanite was unknown until a few decades ago but it has erupted into wide popularity.
Tumbled Stones are rocks that have been rounded, smoothed and polished in a rock tumbler.
Tourmaline - the most colorful mineral and natural gem material on Earth.
Ruby and Sapphire
Ruby & Sapphire are gem corundums - ruby when red, sapphire when other colors.
Don*t Go To Jail
Mineral collectors must know the rules for removing specimens from public and private property.
Peridot is the gem variety of olivine. Derived from the mantle and rarely from meteorites.
Organic Gems are gems formed from plant or animal materials.
Strontium Titanate - lab created diamond simulant with fire much stronger than diamond.
Lapis Lazuli - a metamorphic rock and the most popular blue opaque gemstone in history.
Ethiopian Opal - The new opal heavyweight that might give Australia a run.
What Is Jade?
Jade has been used as a gemstone and a tool-making material for for 1000s of years.
Ant Hill Garnets
Ant Hill Garnets - tiny gems that ants haul to the surface and discard on their anthill. Honest!
Zircon is a popular and colorful gem with fire and brightness that rivals diamond.
Geodes look like ordinary rocks on the outside but can be spectacular inside!
Ammolite is a fossil and a gemstone. It is shell material from fossil ammonites.
You Can Be A Diamond Miner! At the Crater of Diamonds mine you can keep what you find.
Goldstone is a colorful man-made glass that is full of highly-reflective metallic inclusions.
Spinel The gemstone that was confused with ruby and sapphire for over 1000 years.
Red Beryl is one of the rarest gems. Small amounts are mined at one locality in Utah.
Malachite has served as a gem material, pigment and ore of copper for thousands of years.
Fire Opal is a transparent to translucent opal with a yellow, orange or red background color.
Fancy Sapphires are gem corundums of any color other than red, blue or colorless.
Star Garnets are found in only a few locations worldwide. They are the state gems of Idaho.
Rose Quartz is the name used for specimens of translucent quartz with a pink color.
Jet is a black organic gem material that forms from well-preserved woody material.
US Diamond Mines
US Diamond Mines Where are diamonds mined in the United States?
Bloodstone is a dark green jasper with a splatter of red color that looks like blood.
Beryl - the mineral of emerald, aquamarine, morganite, heliodor, goshenite, and more.
Facts About Diamonds
Facts About Diamonds You are a diamond expert if you know all of these!
Diamonds Do Not Form From Coal Learn several reasons why the coal origin is false.
Chrome Diopside is a green gemstone that is often used as an alternative stone for emerald.
Sunstone A feldspar with aventurescence caused by tiny copper inclusions.
Gemstones of the World : A book by Robert Schumann. Over one million copies sold.
Kyanite is a metamorphic mineral used to make porcelain, abrasive products and gems.
Cabochons A photo gallery of cabochon gemstones from around the world.
Serpentine - a group of metamorphic minerals used as gems and architectural stone.
Amazing Agate Photos
Beautiful Agates A gallery of spectacular agate photos and descriptions by Richard Weston.
Aventurine - a translucent quartz with reflective inclusions that cause aventurescence.
Rock Tumblers - All about rock tumblers and rock tumbling. Read before you buy a tumbler.
Scapolite can be a pretty faceted stone or a translucent cab with cats-eye effects.
Brown Diamonds are growing in popularity and are frequently seen in fashion jewelry.
Petrified Wood is a fossilized wood that often serves as a colorful gem material.
Moldavite is a gem material born about 15 million years ago when a pair of asteroids struck Europe.
Helenite is a man-made glass produced by fusing ash from the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption.
Ametrine is a bicolor quartz (amethyst + citrine) and a gemstone of growing popularity.
Spodumene is an ore of lithium and the mineral of the gems kunzite and hiddenite.
Iris Agate can produce a rainbow of colors when light passes between its thin bands.
Chrysoberyl an extreme gem. Its hardness is 8.5, can display chatoyance or color-change.
Smoky Quartz - A brown color-variety of the mineral quartz often cut as a gem.
Apatite produces gemstones with vivid colors and is popular with collectors.
Gem Silica is a blue chalcedony colored by copper. It is the rarest and most valuable chalcedony.
Iolite is the gem variety of the mineral cordierite. An alternative to sapphire and tanzanite.
Benitoite - Geology of the State Gem of California - USGS report from 1911.
Petrified Palm is often confused with petrified wood. It is a distinctly different material.
Chrysoprase - The translucent green variety of chalcedony that is colored by nickel.
Tiffany Stone is a rare purple, blue and white rock, mined in Utah, and used as a gem.
Unakite A gem material composed of green epidote and pink orthoclase.
Diamonds are mined in many countries and their relative importance changes frequently.
Geology Tools - Rock hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, hardness picks, gold pans.
Andalusite - exhibits strong pleochroism and often has sets of oriented inclusions.
Azurite is a vivid blue copper mineral that can be cut into beautiful cabochon gems.
Synthetic Diamonds of spectacular quality are now being produced in labs.
Hardness Picks - Mohs hardness testing with precise and easy-to-use hardness picks.
Looking Into the Mysteries of Gems and exploring their hidden secrets with a microscope.
50+ Different Tumbled Stones for sale at RockTumbler.com. (affiliated with geology.com)
US Gem Production
U.S. Gemstone Production is very low compared to the U.S. being the largest consumer.
Turritella Agate is a brown agate containing snail fossils from the Green River Formation.
Maw Sit Sit
Maw Sit Sit is a metamorphic rock and a gem material that was once thought be jade.
Azurmalachite is a mixture of malachite and azurite. It can be a beautiful blue and green gem.
Heliodor is a yellow, greenish-yellow or golden yellow beryl used as a gem.
Rhodochrosite : a manganese mineral used as an ore, a pink gem and an ornamental stone.
Chatoyant Gems look like the eye of a cat. They have a line of light that moves across the gem.
Rhodonite is a pink manganese silicate used as a gemstone, an ornamental stone and an ore.
Zoisite is a diverse gem. Tanzanite, thulite and anyolite are three of its gem varieties.
Titanite aka Sphene
Titanite is also known as sphene. It is a minor source of titanium and a minor gem.
Prasiolite is amethyst that has been heat-treated to a leek-green color.
Canadian Diamond Mines produce some of the largest and highest quality diamonds!
Polka Dot Agate
Polka Dot Agate - a translucent blue to white agate with a suspension of colorful dots.
K2 Granite is a white granite with blue orbs of azurite. It is a new gem material from Pakistan.
Peanut Wood? Yes! It is a very interesting gem material found in Western Australia.
Fee Mining sites are mines that you can enter, pay a fee, and keep anything that you find.