Home » Pangaea Supercontinent

Pangaea Supercontinent

Permian continental drift

"Supercontinent" is a term used for a large landmass formed by the convergence of multiple continents. The most frequently referenced supercontinent is known as "Pangaea" (also "Pangea"), which existed approximately 225 million years ago. It is thought that all major continents at that time were assembled into the Pangaea supercontinent.

Triassic continental drift

The supercontinent of Pangaea subsequently fragmented, and the pieces now account for Earth's current continents. The geography of Pangaea and the more recent continent movements are shown in the map sequence on this page. Maps by USGS.

Cretaceous continental drift

The theory of plate tectonics provides an explanation for these continent movements. According to this theory, Earth's outer shell is divided into a series of plates. These plates consist of the crust and a small amount of the underlying mantle. The plates slide over a weak zone in the mantle at a rate of a few centimeters per year. Convection currents in the mantle, caused by the escape of heat from Earth's interior, are what drives the movement of these plates.

Present-day continents

Maps on this page by USGS.

If you study the maps on this page, you will see that the Atlantic Ocean is getting wider as a result of the plate movement. Also, the Pacific Ocean is closing. A new supercontinent might form when the Pacific Ocean completely closes and the continents surrounding it converge.

The current continent of Eurasia could be considered a supercontinent. The Ural Mountains separate Europe from Asia and mark a line of compression and deformation where the two continents crushed into one another.

More Plate Tectonics
  Explore Plate Boundaries
  What Is The Moho?
  Geology Tools
  Teaching Plate Tectonics
  How Deep Does Magma Form
  What is the San Andreas Fault?
  The East Africa Rift System
  What Causes a Tsunami?

geology store

More From Geology.com:

Rock Gallery: Photos of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
Facts About Diamonds
Interesting Facts About Diamonds: You are a diamond expert if you know all of these!
Asteroid Impact Map
Asteroid Impact Map: Explore fifty of the most obvious asteroid impact craters on Earth.
Volcanoes: Articles about volcanoes, volcanic hazards and eruptions past and present.
wall maps
Wall Maps - World maps, United States maps, continent maps, maps of individual states.
US Gemstones
United States Gemstones: A diversity of gemstones are produced in the United States.
US Diamond Mines
US Diamond Mines: Did you know that diamonds can be found in the United States?
Deepest Point in the Ocean
Deepest Point in the Ocean: The deepest point in the ocean is in the Mariana Trench.