McAfee SECURE sites help keep you safe from identity theft, credit card fraud, spyware, spam, viruses and online scams

Home » Records » Deepest Lakes


Deepest Lake in the World
Deepest Lake in the United States



The World's Deepest Lake



Lake Baikal in southern Russia is the world's deepest lake. It is 5,314 feet deep (1,637 meters) and it's bottom is at 4,215 feet (1,285 meters) below sea level. Lake Baikal is also the world's largest freshwater lake in terms of volume.

It is difficult to comprehend how a lake in the middle of a continent could have a bottom that is 4,215 feet below sea level. It is impossible for erosion to cut a channel that deep in the middle of a continent. The lake is so deep because it is located in an active continental rift zone. The rift zone is widening at a rate of about 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) per year. As the rift grows wider it also grows deeper through subsidence. So, Lake Baikal could grow wider and deeper in the future.

World's deepest lake
Lake Baikal is located in southern Siberia near the city if Irkutsk. Map from the CIA Factbook.


Related:   World's Largest Lake



Deepest Lake in the United States:



The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake, a volcanic crater in southern Oregon. It's deepest measured depth is 1,932 feet (589 meters). It is the seventh deepest lake in the world.

It is an amazing lake because no rivers flow into it or out of it. The water level in the lake is a balance between rainfall, groundwater flow and evaporation.

The lake was formed as a caldera by an explosive volcanic eruption and magma chamber collapse between 6,000 and 8,000 years ago.

Crater Lake
Panorama view of Crater Lake showing the steep crater wall that surrounds the lake and Wizard Island, a small volcano within the crater. Photo © by ziggymaj and iStockphoto.



Find it on Geology.com




More from Geology.com


Largest Hurricanes
Largest Hurricanes: Are they determined by wind speed, value of damage, most deaths?
Mount Cleveland
Mount Cleveland is an active volcano in the Aleutian Islands and a threat to air traffic.
Hydraulic Fracturing
Hydraulic Fracturing: Increases well yield by fracturing the reservoir rock with fluid injection.
The San Andreas Fault
The San Andreas Fault: A feature that separates the Pacific and North American Plates.
Petrified Wood
Petrified Wood is a fossil that forms when dissolved material precipitates and replaces wood.
What Are Meteorites?
What Are Meteorites? Rocks which were once part of planets or large asteroids.
What Is The Moho?
What Is The Moho? Learn about the interior of the Earth and the Mohorovicic Discontinuity.
Jade
Jade has been used as a gemstone and a tool-making material for for 1000s of years.


World's deepest lake
Satellite Image of Lake Baikal - Image by geology.com using NASA Landsat data.




Crater Lake bathymetry
Bathymetry image of Crater Lake by USGS. The deepest areas are in the northeast portion of the lake. Enlarge map.


Deepest Lakes in the World

Baikal Siberia, Russia
5,369 ft (1,637 m)
Tanganyika Tanzania, Dem. Rep. of Congo & Zambia
4,823 ft (1,470 m)
Caspian Sea Iran and Russia
3,363 ft (1025 m)
Vostok Antarctica
2950 ft (900 m) minimums
O'Higgins-San Martin Chile, Argentina
2,742 ft (836 m)
Nyasa Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania & Malawi)
2,316 ft (706 m)
Issyk Kul Kyrgizstan, Central Asia
2,192 ft (668 m)
Great Slave Northwest Territories, Canada
2,015 ft (614 m)
Crater Lake Oregon, U.S.A.
1,949 ft (594 m)
Matano Indonesia
1,936 ft (590 m)
General Carrera Chile, Argentina
1,923 ft (586 m)
Hornindalsvatnet Norway
1,686 ft (514 m)
Quesnel Canada
1,660 ft (506 m)
Toba Indonesia
1,657 ft (505 m)
Sarez Tajikistan
1,657 ft (505 m)
Tahoe California & Nevada, USA
1,644 ft (501 m)
Argentino Argentina
1,640 ft (500 m)
Kivu Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda
1,575 ft (480 m)
Mjøsa Norway.
1,535 ft (468 m)
Lake Chelan Washington, U.S.A.
1,486 ft (453 m)


Rock Type Photo Gallery
Types of Volcanic Eruptions
Mount Rainier Volcanic Hazards
East Africa Rift
Teaching Plate Tectonics with Drawings
Volcanoes!
Vesuvius
Marcellus Shale


© 2005-2015 Geology.com. All Rights Reserved.
Images, code and content of this website are property of Geology.com. Use without permission is prohibited. Pages on this site are protected by Copyscape.