McAfee SECURE sites help keep you safe from identity theft, credit card fraud, spyware, spam, viruses and online scams

Home » Records » Deepest Lakes


Deepest Lake in the World
Deepest Lake in the United States



The World's Deepest Lake



Lake Baikal in southern Russia is the world's deepest lake. It is 5,314 feet deep (1,637 meters) and it's bottom is at 4,215 feet (1,285 meters) below sea level. Lake Baikal is also the world's largest freshwater lake in terms of volume.

It is difficult to comprehend how a lake in the middle of a continent could have a bottom that is 4,215 feet below sea level. It is impossible for erosion to cut a channel that deep in the middle of a continent. The lake is so deep because it is located in an active continental rift zone. The rift zone is widening at a rate of about 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) per year. As the rift grows wider it also grows deeper through subsidence. So, Lake Baikal could grow wider and deeper in the future.

World's deepest lake
Lake Baikal is located in southern Siberia near the city if Irkutsk. Map from the CIA Factbook.


Related:   World's Largest Lake



Deepest Lake in the United States:



The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake, a volcanic crater in southern Oregon. It's deepest measured depth is 1,932 feet (589 meters). It is the seventh deepest lake in the world.

It is an amazing lake because no rivers flow into it or out of it. The water level in the lake is a balance between rainfall, ground water flow and evaporation.

The lake was formed as a caldera by an explosive volcanic eruption and magma chamber collapse between 6,000 and 8,000 years ago.

Crater Lake
Panorama view of Crater Lake showing the steep crater wall that surrounds the lake and Wizard Island, a small volcano within the crater. Photo © by ziggymaj and iStockphoto.



Find it on Geology.com




More from Geology.com


gem photos
100+ Gems - Photos of over 100 beautiful gems ranging from the popular to the obscure.
US Diamond Mines
US Diamond Mines: Did you know that diamonds can be found in the United States?
Gold
Gold - An important metal for thousands of years - uses, prospecting, mining, production.
Coal
Coal Through a Microscope: Coal is more than a black rock. It's THE most interesting rock.
Scoria
Scoria is a dark-colored, extrusive igneous rock with abundant vesicles.
Emerald
Emerald is the most popular green gemstone in the United States and most of the world.
Photos of Geysers
Photos of Geysers from around the world with information about height, eruption interval, more.
Ammolite
Ammolite is a fossil and a gemstone. It is shell material from fossil ammonites.


World's deepest lake
Satellite Image of Lake Baikal - Image by geology.com using NASA Landsat data.




Crater Lake bathymetry
Bathymetry image of Crater Lake by USGS. The deepest areas are in the northeast portion of the lake. Enlarge map.


Deepest Lakes in the World

Baikal Siberia, Russia
5,369 ft (1,637 m)
Tanganyika Tanzania, Dem. Rep. of Congo & Zambia
4,823 ft (1,470 m)
Caspian Sea Iran and Russia
3,363 ft (1025 m)
Vostok Antarctica
2950 ft (900 m) minimums
O'Higgins-San Martin Chile, Argentina
2,742 ft (836 m)
Nyasa Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania & Malawi)
2,316 ft (706 m)
Issyk Kul Kyrgizstan, Central Asia
2,192 ft (668 m)
Great Slave Northwest Territories, Canada
2,015 ft (614 m)
Crater Lake Oregon, U.S.A.
1,949 ft (594 m)
Matano Indonesia
1,936 ft (590 m)
General Carrera Chile, Argentina
1,923 ft (586 m)
Hornindalsvatnet Norway
1,686 ft (514 m)
Quesnel Canada
1,660 ft (506 m)
Toba Indonesia
1,657 ft (505 m)
Sarez Tajikistan
1,657 ft (505 m)
Tahoe California & Nevada, USA
1,644 ft (501 m)
Argentino Argentina
1,640 ft (500 m)
Kivu Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda
1,575 ft (480 m)
Mjøsa Norway.
1,535 ft (468 m)
Lake Chelan Washington, U.S.A.
1,486 ft (453 m)


Rock Type Photo Gallery
Types of Volcanic Eruptions
Mount Rainier Volcanic Hazards
East Africa Rift
Teaching Plate Tectonics with Drawings
Volcanoes!
Vesuvius
Marcellus Shale


© 2005-2014 Geology.com. All Rights Reserved.
Images, code and content of this website are property of Geology.com. Use without permission is prohibited. Pages on this site are protected by Copyscape.