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Home » Earth Science Records

Earth Science Records

Learn about the highest, lowest, deepest, saltiest, largest, most powerful and more!

Tallest Mountain
Is Everest the highest mountain or the tallest?  Don't be too sure!
World's Tallest Mountain: Everest is not the clear winner for "tallest" and "highest".
Greatest Ocean Depth
Mariana Trench
Deepest Point in the Ocean: The deepest point in the ocean is in the Mariana Trench.
Continent High Points
Mount McKinley
Highest Mountain on Each Continent: A map of continental high points.
Lowest Land Points
Land below sea level
Land Below Sea Level: Several places on earth are over 100 meters below sea level!
"We learn geology the morning after the earthquake."
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Deepest Lake
World's deepest lake
World's Deepest Lake: Lake Baikal in southern Russia is the world's deepest lake.
Largest Lake
largest lake
World's Largest Lake: How to measure? Volume? Surface area? Does salt water count?
Largest Earthquake
largest earthquake
World's Largest Earthquake: The world's largest recorded quake: Chile, 1960 at M 9.5.
Largest Meteorite
Hoba Meteorite
World's Largest Meteorite: Hoba, in Namibia, is the record - 66 tons of iron!
Largest Oil Spills
Largest oil spills map
Largest Oil Spills Map: Eleven oil spills from war, tanker wrecks and out-of-control wells.
"Oil is found in the minds of men."
Wallace Pratt
Explosive Volcanoes
explosive eruptions
The Most Explosive Eruption is believed to have occurred at Wah Wah Springs, Utah.
Largest Tsunami
largest tsunami
World's Largest Tsunami: The wave with the highest run-up was in Lituya Bay, Alaska.
Largest Land Mammals
largest land mammals
Largest Land Mammals: The extinction of dinosaurs allowed mammals to grow much larger.
Earth's Saltiest Water
Earth's saltiest body of water
Earth's Saltiest Body of Water: Don Juan Pond in Antarctica is 18 times saltier than the ocean.
Deepest Dive
Bathyscaphe Trieste
Bathyscaphe Trieste: Diving to the deepest part of the ocean in 1960.
"The present is the key to the past."
Charles Lyell
Largest Volcanoes
Tamu Massif might be the "largest" volcano but Mauna Kea and Ojos del Salado are rivals.
Tallest Geyser
tallest geyser
Steamboat Geyser produces eruptions over 300 feet high. It is the world's tallest geyser.
Largest Landslide
largest landslide
Largest Landslides: Heart Mountain and Storegga are the largest known landslides.
Tallest Waterfall
Tallest Waterfall
Tallest Waterfall: Angel Falls in Venezuela. Image © Birget Prentner / iStockphoto.
Largest Desert
World's largest desert
World's Largest Desert: The Sahara is huge but two polar deserts are larger.
"The best geologist is the one who has seen the most rocks."
Herbert Harold Read

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