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Earth Science Records

Learn about the highest, lowest, deepest, saltiest, largest, most powerful and more!

Largest Tsunami
Largest Tsunami
Largest Tsunami The wave with the highest run-up was in Lituya Bay, Alaska.
Tallest Mountain
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Tallest Mountain Everest has rivals in tallness, altitude and distance to the center of Earth.
Tallest Waterfall
Tallest Waterfall
Tallest Waterfall Angel Falls in Venezuela. Image Birget Prentner / iStockphoto.
Largest Earthquake
Largest Earthquake
Largest Earthquake The largest recorded earthquake: Chile, 1960, Magnitude 9.5.
Deepest Lake
Deepest Lake in the World
Deepest Lake in the World Lake Baikal in southern Russia is the deepest lake in the World.
Greatest Ocean Depth
Deepest Point in the Ocean
Deepest Point in the Ocean The deepest point in the ocean is in the Mariana Trench.
Explosive Volcanoes
The Most Explosive Eruption
The Most Explosive Eruption is believed to have occurred at Wah Wah Springs, Utah.
Geology Tools
Geology Tools
Geology Tools - Hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, hardness picks, gold pans.
Tallest Geyser
Tallest Geyser
Steamboat Geyser produces eruptions over 300 feet high - taller than any other geyser.
Largest Meteorite
Largest Meteorite
Largest Meteorite Hoba, in Namibia, is the record - 66 tons of iron!
Lowest Land Points
Land Below Sea Level
Land Below Sea Level Several places on earth are over 100 meters below sea level!
Lightning Hot Spots
Lake Maracaibo Lightning
World Record Lightning - This lake has more lightning than any other place in the world.
Largest Lake
Largest Lake in the World
Largest Lakes - How to measure? Volume? Surface area? Does salt water count?
Continent High Points
Highest Mountain on Each Continent
Highest Mountain on Each Continent A map of continental high points.
Largest Volcano
Largest Volcano
Largest Volcano - That title is shared by Tamu Massif, Mauna Kea and Ojos del Salado.
Largest Desert
Largest Desert
Largest Desert The Sahara is huge but two polar deserts are larger.
Largest Impact Crater
Vredefort Impact Crater
The Vredefort Crater is the largest and 2nd oldest impact crater visible on Earth.
Largest Oil Spills
Largest Oil Spills Map
Largest Oil Spills Map Eleven oil spills from war, tanker wrecks and out-of-control wells.
Largest Landslide
Largest Landslide
Largest Landslides Heart Mountain and Storegga are the largest known landslides.
Deepest Dive
Bathyscaphe Trieste
Bathyscaphe Trieste Diving to the deepest part of the ocean in 1960.