|What Are Minerals?
Minerals are the building blocks of our society. We use items made with them every day.
Quartz is the most abundant mineral in the crust. It has many useful properties.
||Diamond: The Mineral
Diamond is a mineral with unique properties and many gem and industrial uses!
Mineral Identification Chart: Printable mineral ID chart by Art Crossman in MS Excel format.
Fluorescent Minerals glow with spectacular colors under ultraviolet light.
United States Gemstones: Small mines in the U.S. produce a diversity of gemstones.
||Uses of Gold
Gold has unique properties that make it one of the most useful minerals.
Topaz is a mineral best known as a durable gemstone and its use in Mohs Hardness Scale.
|Diamonds from Coal?
Diamonds Do Not Form From Coal: That is one of the biggest misconceptions in science.
Find Minerals and Gems: Dozens of sites where you can dig and keep what you find.
Mohs Hardness Scale is a set of reference minerals used for classroom hardness testing.
||Tucson Mineral Show
Tucson Gem & Mineral Show: Photos from the largest gem and mineral show.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral with industrial, agricultural, medical and many other uses.
||Is Water a Mineral?
Is Water a Mineral? Comparing the properties of water with the definition of a mineral.
Kyanite: a metamorphic mineral that most often forms from clay-rich sedimentary rocks.
Herkimer Diamonds: Doubly-terminated quartz crystals used as specimens and gems.
Spodumene is a pegmatite mineral, an ore of lithium and sometimes a gemstone.
Corundum: a very hard mineral used as an abrasive. The mineral of ruby and sapphire.
||The Acid Test
The Acid Test: Geologists use dilute hydrochloric acid to identify carbonate minerals.
Olivine Rain: Spitzer Telescope discovered a rain of olivine crystals on protostar HOPS-68.
|Denver Mineral Show
Denver Gem and Mineral Show: Photos and comments about this incredible annual show.
||Fireworks & Minerals
The Science of Fireworks: Their shapes and colors are produced through chemistry, physics & art.
||Rare Earth Elements
Rare Earth Elements are used in cell phones, DVDs, batteries, magnets & many other products.
Abandoned Mine Accidents take 20 to 30 lives per year. Many can be prevented with education.
|Uses of Silver
Uses of Silver: Most people think of jewelry and coins, but silver\'s primary use is industrial.
Triboluminescence is flash produced when a mineral is rubbed, scratched or broken.