|What Are Minerals?
Minerals are the building blocks of our society. We use items made with them every day.
Fluorescent Minerals glow with spectacular colors under ultraviolet light.
Mohs Hardness Scale is a set of reference minerals used for classroom hardness testing.
||Diamond: The Mineral
Diamond is a mineral with unique properties and many gem and industrial uses!
|Diamonds from Coal?
Diamonds Do Not Form From Coal That is one of the biggest misconceptions in science.
Quartz is the most abundant mineral in the crust. It has many useful properties.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral with industrial, agricultural, medical and many other uses.
United States Gemstones Small mines in the U.S. produce a diversity of gemstones.
Hardness Picks - Mohs hardness testing with precise and easy-to-use hardness picks.
Topaz is a mineral best known as a durable gemstone and its use in Mohs Hardness Scale.
Fee Mining sites are mines that you can enter, pay a fee, and keep anything that you find.
Hand Lens A 10-power folding magnifier in a metal case. A frequently used lab and field tool.
|Tucson Mineral Show
Tucson Gem & Mineral Show Photos from the largest gem and mineral show.
Corundum is the third hardest mineral. It is also the mineral of ruby and sapphire.
Ilmenite - The primary ore of titanium and source of most titanium dioxide.
||Uses of Gold
Gold has unique properties that make it one of the most useful minerals.
Rock Tumblers - All about rock tumblers and rock tumbling. Read before you buy a tumbler.
||The Acid Test
The Acid Test Geologists use dilute hydrochloric acid to identify carbonate minerals.
||Rare Earth Elements
Rare Earth Elements are used in cell phones, DVDs, batteries, magnets & many other products.
Chalcopyrite - The most important ore of copper for over five thousand years.
Diopside - Gem material, ornamental stone, diamond indicator, industrial mineral.
Mineraloids are amorphous naturally-occurring inorganic solids that lack crystallinity.
Garnet is best known as a red gemstone. It occurs in any color and has many industrial uses.
The Streak Test is a method to determine the color of a mineral in powdered form.
|Is Water a Mineral?
Are Water and Ice Minerals? Comparing their properties with the definition of a mineral.
Benitoite Discovery and geology of the State Gem of California - USGS report from 1911.
Spodumene is a pegmatite mineral, an ore of lithium and sometimes a gemstone.
Kyanite a metamorphic mineral that most often forms from clay-rich sedimentary rocks.
Hematite - the most important source of iron ore and mineral pigment since prehistory.
Herkimer Diamonds Doubly-terminated quartz crystals used as specimens and gems.
Rhodochrosite : a manganese mineral used as an ore, a pink gem and an ornamental stone.
Cinnabar - the only important ore of mercury. Used as a pigment until its toxicity was realized.
Azurite - Used as an ore of copper, a pigment, ornamental stone and gem material.
Rhodonite - a manganese silicate used as a minor ore of manganese and as a gemstone.
Minerals in Colored Glass - Minerals are what produce the color in colored glass.
||Rock and Mineral Kits
Rock, Mineral and Fossil Collections. Nice kits for personal or classroom use.
Serpentine - metamorphic rocks used in construction, architecture and lapidary work.
||Uses of Silver
Uses of Silver Most people think of jewelry and coins, but silver\'s primary use is industrial.
||Denver Mineral Show
Denver Gem and Mineral Show Photos and comments about this incredible annual show.
Olivine Rain Spitzer Telescope discovered a rain of olivine crystals on protostar HOPS-68.
Abandoned Mine Accidents kill 20 to 30 per year. Education can prevent many of them.
How Do Snowflakes Form? They start as tiny crystals. Some grow on the way down.
||Fireworks & Minerals
The Science of Fireworks Their shapes and colors are produced through chemistry, physics & art.
Triboluminescence is flash produced when a mineral is rubbed, scratched or broken.
Mineral Identification Chart Printable mineral ID chart by Art Crossman in MS Excel format.
Limonite - an amorphous iron oxide. An ore of iron and a pigment since prehistory.