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Mineral Uses, Properties, Descriptions

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Mineral HardnessMohs Hardness Test Mohs Hardness Scale is a set of reference minerals used for classroom hardness testing. What Are Minerals?What Are Minerals? Minerals are the building blocks of our society. We use items made with them every day. Geology ToolsGeology Tools Geology Tools - Hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, hardness picks, gold pans. Diamond: The MineralDiamond Diamond is a mineral with unique properties and many gem and industrial uses!
Rock and Mineral KitsRock and Mineral Kits Rock, Mineral and Fossil Collections. Nice kits for personal or classroom use. CalciteCalcite Calcite is a carbonate mineral with industrial, agricultural, medical and many other uses. QuartzQuartz Quartz is the most abundant mineral in the crust. It has many useful properties. Mineral IdentificationMineral Identification Mineral Identification Chart Printable mineral ID chart by Art Crossman in MS Excel format.
TopazTopaz Topaz is a mineral best known as a durable gemstone and its use in Mohs Hardness Scale. Fluorescent MineralsFluorescent Minerals Fluorescent Minerals glow with spectacular colors under ultraviolet light. Diamonds from Coal?How Do Diamonds Form? Diamonds Do Not Form From Coal That is one of the biggest misconceptions in science. The Acid TestMineral Acid Test The Acid Test Geologists use dilute hydrochloric acid to identify carbonate minerals.
Is Water a Mineral?Is Water a Mineral? Are Water and Ice Minerals? Comparing their properties with the definition of a mineral. TourmalineTourmaline Tourmaline - the most colorful mineral and natural gem material on Earth. KyaniteKyanite Kyanite is a metamorphic mineral used to make porcelain, abrasive products and gems. CorundumCorundum Corundum is the third hardest mineral. It is also the mineral of ruby and sapphire.
U.S. GemstonesUnited States Gemstones United States Gemstones Small mines in the U.S. produce a diversity of gemstones. DiopsideDiopside Diopside - Gem material, ornamental stone, diamond indicator, industrial mineral. Hematitehematite on Mars Hematite - the most important source of iron ore and mineral pigment since prehistory. IlmeniteIlmenite Ilmenite - The primary ore of titanium and source of most titanium dioxide.
Chalcopyritechalcopyrite Chalcopyrite - The most important ore of copper for over five thousand years. Uses of GoldUses of Gold Gold has unique properties that make it one of the most useful minerals. BenitoiteBenitoite Benitoite - discovery of the State Gem of California - USGS report from 1911. RhodoniteRhodonite Rhodonite - a manganese silicate used as a minor ore of manganese and as a gemstone.
Rare Earth ElementsRare Earth Elements Rare Earth Elements are used in cell phones, DVDs, batteries, magnets & many other products. MineraloidsMineraloids Mineraloids are amorphous naturally-occurring inorganic solids that lack crystallinity. GarnetGarnet Garnet is best known as a red gemstone. It occurs in any color and has many industrial uses. Colored Glasscolored glass Minerals in Colored Glass - Minerals are what produce the color in colored glass.
SerpentineSerpentine Serpentine - metamorphic rocks used in construction, architecture and lapidary work. Herkimer DiamondsHerkimer Diamonds Herkimer Diamonds Doubly-terminated quartz crystals used as specimens and gems. Uses of SilverUses of silver Uses of Silver Most people think of jewelry and coins, but silver\'s primary use is industrial. Fireworks & MineralsMinerals and Fireworks The Science of Fireworks Learn how the colors and shapes are created.
Azuriteazurite Azurite - Used as an ore of copper, a pigment, ornamental stone and gem material. RhodochrositeRhodochrosite Rhodochrosite : a manganese mineral used as an ore, a pink gem and an ornamental stone. Tumbled StonesTumbled Stones Tumbled Stones are rocks that have been rounded, smoothed and polished in a rock tumbler. SnowflakesHow Do Snowflakes Form? How Do Snowflakes Form? They start as tiny crystals. Some grow on the way down.
Spodumene Spodumene Spodumene is a pegmatite mineral, an ore of lithium and sometimes a gemstone. Olivine RainOlivine Rain Olivine Rain Spitzer Telescope discovered a rain of olivine crystals on protostar HOPS-68. Streak TestStreak The Streak Test is a method to determine the color of a mineral in powdered form. Cinnabarcinnabar Cinnabar - the only important ore of mercury. Used in pigments until its toxicity was realized.
Tucson Mineral ShowTucson Gem and Mineral Show Tucson Gem & Mineral Show Photos from the largest gem and mineral show. Rock Tumblingrock tumblers Rock Tumblers - All about rock tumblers and rock tumbling. Read before you buy a tumbler. Hardness PicksHardness Picks Hardness Picks - Mohs hardness testing with precise and easy-to-use hardness picks. Limonitelimonite Limonite - an amorphous iron oxide. An ore of iron and a pigment since prehistory.
Denver Mineral ShowDenver Mineral Show Denver Gem and Mineral Show - Photos and comments about this incredible show. Hand LensHand Lens Hand Lens A 10-power folding magnifier in a metal case. A frequently used lab and field tool. Fee MiningFee Mining Fee Mining sites are mines that you can enter, pay a fee, and keep anything that you find. Dangerous MinesAbandoned Mine Accidents Abandoned Mine Accidents kill 20 to 30 per year. Education can prevent many of them.
TriboluminescenceTriboluminescence Triboluminescence is flash produced when a mineral is rubbed, scratched or broken.      

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