|What Are Minerals?
Minerals are the building blocks of our society. We use items made with them every day.
Zircon is the primary ore of zirconium and a gemstone that is available in many colors.
||Diamond: The Mineral
Diamond is a mineral with unique properties and many gem and industrial uses!
||Rock and Mineral Kits
Rock, Mineral and Fossil Collections. Nice kits for personal or classroom use.
Topaz is a mineral best known as a durable gemstone and its use in Mohs Hardness Scale.
Fluorescent Minerals glow with spectacular colors under ultraviolet light.
Mohs Hardness Scale is a set of reference minerals used for classroom hardness testing.
Quartz is the most abundant mineral in the crust. It has many useful properties.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral with industrial, agricultural, medical and many other uses.
Rock Tumblers - All about rock tumblers and rock tumbling. Read before you buy a tumbler.
||Diamonds from Coal?
Diamonds Do Not Form From Coal That is one of the biggest misconceptions in science.
Corundum is the third hardest mineral. It is also the mineral of ruby and sapphire.
|Is Water a Mineral?
Are Water and Ice Minerals? Comparing their properties with the definition of a mineral.
Diopside - Gem material, ornamental stone, diamond indicator, industrial mineral.
The Streak Test is a method to determine the color of a mineral in powdered form.
Mineraloids are amorphous naturally-occurring inorganic solids that lack crystallinity.
United States Gemstones Small mines in the U.S. produce a diversity of gemstones.
Rhodochrosite : a manganese mineral used as an ore, a pink gem and an ornamental stone.
Garnet is best known as a red gemstone. It occurs in any color and has many industrial uses.
Rhodonite - a manganese silicate used as a minor ore of manganese and as a gemstone.
Tourmaline - the most colorful mineral and natural gem material on Earth.
||The Acid Test
The Acid Test Geologists use dilute hydrochloric acid to identify carbonate minerals.
Chalcopyrite - The most important ore of copper for over five thousand years.
Mineral Identification Chart Printable mineral ID chart by Art Crossman in MS Excel format.
Herkimer Diamonds Doubly-terminated quartz crystals used as specimens and gems.
||Tucson Mineral Show
Tucson Gem & Mineral Show Photos from the largest gem and mineral show.
||Uses of Gold
Gold has unique properties that make it one of the most useful minerals.
Benitoite - discovery of the State Gem of California - USGS report from 1911.
Tumbled Stones are rocks that have been rounded, smoothed and polished in a rock tumbler.
Ilmenite - The primary ore of titanium and source of most titanium dioxide.
Spodumene is a pegmatite mineral, an ore of lithium and sometimes a gemstone.
Kyanite is a metamorphic mineral used to make porcelain, abrasive products and gems.
Geology Tools - Hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, hardness picks, gold pans.
Hematite - the most important source of iron ore and mineral pigment since prehistory.
Serpentine - metamorphic rocks used in construction, architecture and lapidary work.
Azurite - Used as an ore of copper, a pigment, ornamental stone and gem material.
|Rare Earth Elements
Rare Earth Elements are used in cell phones, DVDs, batteries, magnets & many other products.
Cinnabar - the only important ore of mercury. Used in pigments until its toxicity was realized.
Hardness Picks - Mohs hardness testing with precise and easy-to-use hardness picks.
How Do Snowflakes Form? They start as tiny crystals. Some grow on the way down.
|Fireworks & Minerals
The Science of Fireworks Learn how the colors and shapes are created.
Minerals in Colored Glass - Minerals are what produce the color in colored glass.
||Denver Mineral Show
Denver Gem and Mineral Show - Photos and comments about this incredible show.
Abandoned Mine Accidents kill 20 to 30 per year. Education can prevent many of them.
Olivine Rain Spitzer Telescope discovered a rain of olivine crystals on protostar HOPS-68.
||Uses of Silver
Uses of Silver Most people think of jewelry and coins, but silver\'s primary use is industrial.
Triboluminescence is flash produced when a mineral is rubbed, scratched or broken.
Limonite - an amorphous iron oxide. An ore of iron and a pigment since prehistory.
Hand Lens A 10-power folding magnifier in a metal case. A frequently used lab and field tool.
Fee Mining sites are mines that you can enter, pay a fee, and keep anything that you find.